How To Multiply Perennials By Dividing Them

Do you have a flower bed that has become crowded with perennials? Are your beautiful flowers starting to look overcrowded and need more vigor or show of growth? If so, then dividing the perennials may be the solution you've been looking for. Not only can it encourage further blooming, but it can also be an easy way to share favorite plants with family and friends! 

 This article is to explain how and when you should divide perennials. We will also discuss some perennials that are suitable for division. Continue reading to find out how to multiply those cherished perennials!
Propagation through division refers to the method used by gardeners to divide perennial plants to create new ones. The division is among the most effective methods of propagation and can be an excellent method to swiftly and effortlessly expand your plant collection.

Why Divide Perennials?

The choice of division for propagation is to take the simple path. Dividing perennials is one the easiest methods to grow fresh plants in your home. For beginners, this to be a straightforward procedure.

You can look at various ways of propagation for certain plants, such as semi-ripe, hardwood, or softwood cuttings, for instance, and of course, the seedlings that grow from them. However, if you're a novice to propagation, the division of perennials is an excellent place to begin.

However, we can divide perennials to grow new plants and ensure that existing plants are healthy and healthy and happy. Perennials in the garden for some time might become crowded like bee balm.
Divide overcrowded perennials

When and how to divide Perennials?

The perennial plants can be separated at any time, provided you are careful to ensure that you maintain the water supply afterward. The best time to split plants is when they are not actively growing.

The plants that flower in summer are best separated in the spring (March until May) or fall (September until November). If the fall is particularly humid, it might be best to hold off division until spring. Spring is also an ideal time to divide fragile plants.

The spring flowering plants (like Irises) are best divided during the summer (June until August) after the flowering period since it is the time of year when they are focused on the growth of the root.

Multiplying your Bearded Iris, or the Iris germanica, is a perennial flower grown throughout the Northern hemispheres of Europe, Asia, and the Americas. In the U.S., its hardiness zones range from 3 to 10. The name comes because of its unique look due to its soft downward-facing petals that resemble beards.
The flower comes in various shades, from light to white to deep purple to blue, and all colors except some of the deepest and bright reds. The flower has six petals, with three pointed upwards and three that point downwards. Two cultivars are available: one blooming in spring and the other during autumn and spring. 

The plant is divided every three to four years at the time of the end of the summer. After the flowers have faded, make sure you break away the seedpods. When the plants try to plant seeds, even as their rhizomes keep developing, it puts too much stress on them.

Bearded Iris comes in a variety of sizes: Bearded Iris comes in mini-dwarf Standard dwarf, standard dwarf miniature tall, border, and tall. Mini-dwarfs can grow up to 8 inches tall, with 2 to 1-inch flowers, and tall irises are as tall as 3 feet and display flowers that measure up to 8 inches wide.


They are a North American native wildflower that is extremely popular and simple to cultivate. They are frequently found in fields across the country and can be noticed by their vibrant and beautiful flowers. The family belonging to the sunflower species is well-known for their diversity and is one of the top flowers.

There are wide varieties of flowers available among them is one that is black-eyed Susan. It possesses specific characteristics that are similar to the other family members. The black-eyed Susan's basal leaves originate from the stem's lower portion. 

They are the only ones with a yellow or orange flower head that measures about 3 inches across. The dark brown centers in the purplish color make them stand out from other plants. The Black-Eyed Susan is a highly robust plant. It's not surprising that they prefer the sun as they belong to the sunflower group. They thrive in full sun and partly sunny regions. It is a tough cookie and grows in all kinds of soil types.

The flowers bloom between June through October. Susan is adaptable and a wonderful accessory to any border, garden, or container. It is possible to enjoy them in their natural state or cut them and then added into an arrangement.

It is like a bit of sunflowers. It is an upright plant with dark brown centers. The flowers that grow present on the Black-Eyed Susan bloom from June until August.


Bugleweed Ajuga is an excellent plant for rock gardens or borders. The leaves are beautiful all year long, which makes bugleweed a perfect choice for rock gardens or borders. But, it spreads quickly through stolons in the ground and must be controlled.

The name American Bugleweed often refers to the perennial. It has green leaves, and its purplish flowers bloom from May and June. They are easy to cultivate as well. It is a fantastic method to make your house appear appealing and stand out because regardless of where you plant it, it seems sensible and has a variety of shades. This perennial is needed to divide into Spring, Summer, and Fall.


Lily Of The Valley - Maianthemum Canadense. The perennial flowering plant is indigenous and endemic to North American conifer forested regions. Mainly, Canada, British Columbia, and the majority of the northwestern areas in the United States have also been discovered in the Appalachian Mountains chain as far south as Georgia. It thrives under deciduous and evergreen trees.


Wild Lily of the Valley is often referred to as Convallaria Majalis, a plant with dark green leaves and small bell-shaped blooms that originated in Europe and Asia and is known for its sweet aroma. The plant's stems develop in the summer, and grow through spring, growing 15-30cm tall and leaves up to 10-25cm long. The plant is adorned with white flowers that may be bell-shaped and pink. This perennial is divided into Spring, Summer, and Fall.

It is one of the plants that can endure long in cold climates. Wild Lily of the Valley was once the primary producer of the green color. It represents the virtues of modesty, chastity, and purity. It is observed at weddings. In May, it blooms and is also regarded as the return of happiness in these seasons.


Shasta Daisy is a perennial daisy with white petals, yellow disk florets, and shiny deep green leaves. Their Latin title is Leucanthemum maximum, and their scientific name is Asteraceae. This gorgeous flower was designed more than a century ago by Luther Burbank, an American Botanist, Horticulturist, and Pioneer in agricultural science.

Shasta daisies are prolifically reseeded, which is why it's essential every couple of seasons for them to be removed and transplanted. Shasta daisies thrive in containers or beds. Shasta daisies make great cutting flowers that can be used in arrangements. 

Deer do not like Shasta daisies. After blooming, deadheading is a crucial step to ensure that the flower continues to bloom. Deadheading is not tricky; remove the dead flower from the plant and throw it away. The daisy will be notified to produce another flower. 

When dried, they can be employed in arrangements for flowers is an excellent way to use Shasta daisies. Shasta daisies require well-drained and fertile soil, which is why people grow them in containers.