The Eastern White Pine (also known as Pinus strobus), as its name suggests, is native to eastern and northeastern parts of the United States (also known as the northern pine and the Weymouth pine among other names) as well southeastern Canada, even stretching into the northern midwest in states like Michigan and Minnesota.
Like other pines, it grows at a fast rate. However, White Pines grow faster than their pine counterparts, reaching upwards of 2 feet per year. Pine tree leaves can be described as dark-green and needle-like. Mature trees can get as old as 200-300 years old, sometimes getting as old as 400 years. The Eastern white pine has the title of being the tallest tree on the North American continent. It produces fruit in the form of pine cones and is hospitable to various forms of wildlife, including but not limited to forest birds such as the red crossbill as well as small mammals and rodents like the squirrel.
A popular option for holiday decorations and Christmas trees. Chief among the many uses for its wood are millwork, lumber, and construction. It also produces pine tar, which has many uses, but the most popular has to be for its use in baseball among hitters looking for more grip on their bats.
If you’re looking for pine with a classic shape, looking to add diversity to your landscaping repertoire, or need a classic festive option for the holidays, look no further than the eastern white pine tree.
Hardy Planting Zone: 3-8
Bloom Season (if any): Spring (about April=May)
Bloom Color: Various (Red, Yellow, Brown, Green)
Height at Maturity: 50-80’ (can grow upwards of 130’ in the wild)
Soil Type Preferred: Acidic, moist, well-drained, and dry soils (thrives in moist soil)
Sun or Shade: Full Sun or Partial Shade (about 4 hours of sunlight per day is advised)