Spring Garden Care: Essential Tips for a Lush Backyard

As winter thaws into the warmer embrace of spring, gardens awaken, presenting a unique set of care needs and opportunities. Spring garden care is critical not only for reviving the garden from its dormant state, but also for laying the groundwork for a vibrant, healthy garden throughout the warmer months. This care routine involves a combination of soil preparation, planting, pruning, and disease prevention tactics. 

By understanding and applying these spring garden care principles, gardeners can ensure their green spaces are both beautiful and bountiful.

Understanding the Basics of Spring Garden Care

Spring garden care is fundamentally about renewal and preparation. After the long, cold winter months, garden soil often needs rejuvenation, and plants require attention to bounce back to life with vigor. The essence of spring care lies in assessing and amending the soil, pruning old growth to promote new, and carefully selecting and planting new additions to the garden. It's a time to address any damage from the winter, remove any lingering debris, and start checking for pests and weeds early. 

It's also a perfect opportunity to plan your garden layout and consider any changes or improvements from the previous year. With longer days and the warmth of the sun returning, spring is the ideal season to invest time in your garden, ensuring the health of your soil, the vitality of your plants, and the overall aesthetic appeal of your outdoor space. This foundational care sets the stage for the upcoming growing and blooming season, making early spring gardening efforts critical for a rewarding garden.

Preparing your Garden in Spring

Preparing the soil is the first step to a successful spring garden. After the soil has thawed, it's crucial to add organic matter like compost to replenish nutrients that were depleted over winter. Testing the soil's pH can indicate whether any adjustments are needed, such as adding lime to reduce acidity. Loosening the soil without turning it over preserves the existing ecosystem, while ensuring it's aerated and ready for new plantings.

Clearing Garden Debris

Removing dead leaves, uprooted branches, and any other debris accumulated over winter is essential for preventing the growth of mold and pests. This reduces the chances of disease spreading to new plants, and makes soil preparation and planting easier.


Spring is the perfect time to prune most flowering plants and trees, as it encourages healthy growth and blooming. Dead or diseased branches should be removed first, followed by any overgrowth that blocks light and air circulation. For flowering perennials, pruning should be done after they bloom to avoid cutting off future flowers. This task enhances the plant's shape and vigor, proving that a little trimming can go a long way towards a garden's overall health and aesthetics.

Fertilizing your Spring Garden

Organic Granular Fertilizer

An essential step in spring garden care is fertilizing, particularly with organic granular fertilizer. Mixing organic granular fertilizer into the soil before planting ensures that your soil is rich with the necessary nutrients to support plant growth. This type of fertilizer slowly releases nutrients, providing a consistent supply that helps young plants develop strong root systems. 

It's an ideal choice for both edible and ornamental plants, ensuring they have the nutrients needed for a productive season.

Nourishing the Soil

Beyond fertilization, nourishing the soil involves incorporating organic matter, such as compost or leaf mold, which improves soil structure and water retention. This is crucial for sandy soils that drain too quickly and for clay soils that retain too much water. A well-balanced soil supports the beneficial microorganisms and worms that aid in plant growth. Applying a layer of mulch after planting helps retain moisture, suppress weeds, and slowly adds organic matter back into the soil as it decomposes. 

This holistic approach to soil health not only fertilizes plants but also creates a vibrant ecosystem in your garden, promoting sustainable growth and reducing the need for chemical interventions.

Spring Planting Care

Seed Starting

Spring heralds the start of seed sowing. Certain plants, especially those with a long growing season, need a head start indoors before being transplanted outdoors. Tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants are typical examples. Starting these seeds inside six to eight weeks before the last frost date can guarantee a major boost in your summer harvest.

Transplanting Seedlings

Transplanting seedlings outdoors too early or without preparation can cause transplant shock, which may hinder their growth or even cause their demise. It's advisable to 'harden off' indoor-grown seedlings, which involves gradually introducing them to outdoor conditions over a week or two. 

Moving them out during the day and bringing them in at night can prepare them for the complete transition. Ensure to transplant them into well-formed soil, water sufficiently, and provide the necessary support for climbing or heavy plants.


Mulching should follow planting for several beneficial purposes. It aids in moisture retention, inhibits weed growth, regulates soil temperature and, over time, enriches the soil as it decomposes. Mulching with organic materials, such as compost, wood chips, or straw, is especially beneficial for your spring garden. 

Apply a 2-4 inch thick layer around plants, but be careful not to heap it against stems or trunks, as this can lead to rot.

Regular Spring Garden Maintenance

Regular watering becomes critical as temperatures begin to rise. Most plants prefer deep, infrequent watering as opposed to light, daily sprinkles. This approach encourages deeper root systems that can help plants withstand dry conditions. Morning watering is generally best to allow the plant to absorb the water before the midday sun can evaporate it.

Moreover, spring invites all sorts of garden pests. Regular inspections for signs of infestation can prevent pests from establishing large populations and causing significant damage. Choose organic or least-toxic pest control methods to protect beneficial insects and maintain a healthy garden environment.

Growing New Plants

Spring is the perfect season to invigorate your landscape, and at TN Nursery, we offer an exceptional variety of plants to fulfill your gardening aspirations. Here are some top choices for spring planting that are sure to bring life and color to your garden:

Flowering Trees

Embrace the new season with flowering trees like the Flowering Dogwoods or Eastern Redbuds. Their early blooms offer a vibrant display and signal the start of warmer days.


Consider adding a splash of endless color to your garden with resilient perennials such as the dazzling Black Eyed Susans or the enchanting Purple Coneflowers, which both promise a long blooming period and are beloved by pollinators.


For a low-maintenance yet eye-catching addition, our selection of shrubs like the versatile Hydrangea or the hearty Boxwood can provide structure along with seasonal blooms and foliage.

Ferns and Mosses

If you're looking to create a serene green space, our variety of ferns and mosses, like the Ostrich Fern or Cushion Moss, are perfect. They thrive in shady spots and add unique textures to your garden palette.

Fruit Trees and Berry Shrubs

For gardeners looking to enjoy the literal fruits of their labor, our Fruit Trees and Berry Shrubs are ideal choices. With selections perfect for pie-making or fresh snacking, such as Blueberry Bushes or Apple Trees, your spring plantings can yield delicious rewards.

Embark on your gardening journey this spring with TN Nursery – where quality plants, decades of expertise, and a passion for green spaces come together. Our carefully curated plant selections are geared to inspire and thrive, ensuring that your garden becomes the lush oasis you envision.