- Prairie Trillium- Trillium recurvatum Hardy Planting Zones- 4-9 Sun or Shade – Full to Partial Shade Mature Height - 1-3' Mature Width- 6-12" Bloom Season – Spring (April-May) Gardener Status- Beginner
Prairie Trillium, or Trillium Recurvatum, a member of herbaceous perennial, has full lily-like leaves with dense fibers and smooth surface texture. Also known as the Bloody Butcher Plant, its no wonder the leaves resemble lilies- Trillium Recurvatum is a member of the Lily order, Liliaceae, of the Melanthiaceae family.
The Northern United States region is the temperate zone native to Prairie Trillium. Considerably prevalent in that part, the plant is scattered everywhere- making its presence known in unusually dense wooded areas. It is attracted to deciduous trees, often growing near them or among them. This species has been known to be incredibly resilient having faced eradication many times.
The color of its leaves is a medium-tone bright green with veining apparent through the surface areas. The green leaf is mottled in appearance, similar to the markings of a panther or snake. Pale green patches dot the leaf in an animalistic freckle pattern. Blooms can sprout in a variety of shades including Yellow, Green, and Purple. Optimum bloom times occur in early spring- March, April, and May. Unfertilized members or young plants will not generate flower; only leaves will grow.The Prairie Trillium is found in central and eastern United States and is known as a spring wildflower. This wildflower has three brown or sometimes maroon colored pedals that are 1.2 inches long. The Prairie Trillium also grows fruit, with six developed ridges. The fruit contains a fleshy structure that keeps ants and other insects from foraging. Usually, the spring wildflower grows up to 12-18 inches tall and 8-12 inches wide. Prairie Trillium is easy to grow, especially in woodland areas, where it is shady and moist, even in the summer.
Prairie Trillium prefers moist to dry-moist environments and a soil mix of either clay-loam or pure clay blended.