Green Mountain Sugar Maple
The scientific name of the Green Mountain Sugar Maple is Acer saccharum. It is from the sugar maple family, Aceraceae. It is also known as the Hard Maple or the Rock Maple. It can grow to about 60 feet tall, with a spread of about 50 feet, and a trunk with of two to four feet wide. This trunk is gray or gray-brown and smooth, while its younger shoots are light green and glabrous. Its leaves are typically three to five inches long. They are green throughout most of the year. During this time, the upper half is dark green while the lower half is a lighter medium green.
In the fall it adds to this green, shades of gold, orange, and red. These beautiful colors during the fall are one significant reason sugar maples are so popular. During hot seasons its edges turn brown. This canopy of leaves towers high above the ground. The tree grows hugely slowly at about 1 inch a year. It can live more than 100 years. Although it grows best in fertile soil, it is incredibly versatile as far as what type of soil it thrives. It is also adaptable to most environments but does not do well in heavily air-polluted areas. In shape, this breed of the tree is known for its symmetrical canopy, typically oval.
This tree is also full of sap, so it often bleeds it in the late winter to early spring. Among maple trees, it shows the most toleration for heat. It does best in full-sun exposure. The individual trees may be either dioicous or monoecious, which means that they a tree can produce both male and female flowers or it can produce just male flowers or female flowers. Both male and female flowers are produced in the same drooping umbrels, with female flowers being noticeably shorter than male flowers. The long predicels of both are also extremely hairy.
These flowers will first bloom anywhere from mid to late spring.