Virginia Pine Trees - Pinus Virginiana
The Virginia Pine Tree, also known as Scrub Pine or Jersey Pine, can survive up to ninety years out in the wild. It is an evergreen tree and will maintain its deep green color all year long but will not produce any flowers. Seed pine cones are scattered throughout the entire tree and survive in dry loam or clay soils. They can adapt to sandy soil, but it will produce a shorter tree than usual. Once they reach about 65 years old, they will stop producing seeds for the remainder of their life. This hardy pine is known to live up to 150 years past but will typically live around 90.
There are records of Cherokee Natives using this tree medicinally to treat diarrhea, hemorrhoids, colds, fevers, and other ailments. They used it in a poultice, tea, and even bathed with it soaking in the water.
Characteristics of the Virginia Pine Tree
The leaves of the Virginia Pine Tree are needles that are under 3 inches long. The fruit of the tree is the pine cones it creates. Typically the pine cones develop in a cone shape but can also be ovoid. The twigs grown on the tree are green and slender but can become purple-green. The bark on the tree is scaly and orange-brown, but the bark can become cinnamon in color towards the top of the trunk.
The tree is considered small to medium-sized, growing about 70 feet tall at maturity. As it gets older, it will create a sparse flat head. It's widespread for there to be gray dead branches in different areas of the trunk.
The Virginia Pine Tree is known to recover and increase after a brush fire. It is a perfect tree to reclaim damaged land. The Pinus Virginiana is also very popular with wildlife. Woodpeckers, other bird species, and squirrels enjoy this pine. White-tailed deer also enjoy this tree for food.