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How Native Plants Help the Enviroment

How Native Plants Help the Enviroment

How Native Plants Aid the Environment

Native Fern Plants

Ostrich Fern

New York Ferns

Christmas Ferns

Industrialization and urbanization have contributed to increased levels of heavy metals in the environment. The increased levels of heavy metals in the atmosphere and soil have raised concerns globally. Heavy metals are environmentally stable elements characterized by high atomic weight. The metals are essential to life but are environmental pollutants. The most common heavy metals that pollute the environment include mercury, lead, copper, nickel, chromium, cadmium, and arsenic.

These metals originate from industrial effluents, metal mining and smelting, sewage sludge, fossil fuel burning, electroplating, and pesticides and phosphate fertilizers for agricultural purposes. Heavy metals contribute to environmental pollution and thus pose significant threats to plants and human health. Heavy metals threaten plants by severely affecting various physiological and biochemical processes that enable them to make food and live. The metals also affect human health by contributing to multiple issues, such as gastrointestinal and kidney dysfunction, nervous system disorders, and cancer. The appropriate measure to prevent polluting the atmosphere and soil is by using native plants.

Native plants serve as bio-indicators of environmental pollution, clean the environment and help improve soil fertility. Native plants indicate high levels of heavy metals and other toxic substances in the atmosphere or soil by undergoing various changes, such as chlorosis, necrosis, bleaching, and chlorotic mottling. Chlorosis is the discoloration of plant leaves, implying that the leaves lose the standard green color.

The occurrence of chlorosis in native plants depicts Sulphur oxide pollution. Necrosis is the damage of plant tissue, especially in a localized area. The occurrence of necrosis indicates hydrogen fluoride pollution. Bleaching is the whitening or discoloration of native plant leaves, and its occurrence indicates nitrogen oxide pollution. Chlorotic mottling leads to partial chlorosis and reduced leave size. The occurrence of chlorotic mottling in native plants indicates di-chlorine atmospheric pollution.

Native plants clean the environment and improve soil fertility by absorbing heavy metals in the atmosphere and soil through their leaves and roots. Native plants absorb heavy metals by extending their roots and creating an ecosystem that enables them to perform their roles. The highlighted approach helps native plants reclaim polluted soil and stabilize its fertility. Using native plants to prevent atmospheric and soil pollution has numerous merits. The method is economically feasible, environmentally friendly, can be used on a large scale, and improve soil fertility by preventing soil pollution by absorbing heavy metals and releasing organic matters.

Moss a Native Plant Beneficial

Mosses are essential for biomonitoring environmental and soil pollution and cleaning air. Mosses help detect atmospheric heavy metal deposition in the atmosphere across all ecosystems, including terrestrial ecosystems. They can absorb most pollutants, including heavy metals because they lack complex regulatory mechanisms resulting from a lack of real root and vascular systems like vascular plants. In air pollution, heavy metals and radioisotopes affect mosses' chloroplast ultra-structures, thus affecting their membrane properties. The resulting consequence of such a process is protein degradation and limitation of the capacity of ionic transport, which later trigger the cell death process.

Chlorophyll fluorescence changes in mosses indicate the presence of pollutants, such as heavy metals in the atmosphere or soil. Mosses clean the air by absorbing impurities from the atmosphere and precipitation. Mosses absorb most contaminants through the whole surface because their leaves lack protective cuticles. Mosses' leaves also have a layer of cells, which provide them with a large surface area that enables them to absorb heavy metals and other toxic substances from the atmosphere. The benefits of mosses in biomonitoring and cleaning the air is that they quickly absorb pollutants compared to native plants, are economically feasible, and can be used on a large scale. The types of mosses used for biomonitoring, assessing air quality, and cleaning the air include carpet moss, cushion moss, sheet moss, mood moss, and sphagnum moss.

Carpet moss: This is an evergreen and rootless plant that grows into a living carpet of golden green in its youth and turns dark green as it ages. The moss's leaves grow parallel to each other and slim to a point at the end, which is not sharp. The highlighted characteristics give carpet moss an ideal green layer that draws an individual's attention. Carpet moss can cover up light sources and blocks, and in gardens and lawns, grasses do not grow without enough moisture.

Carpet moss

Image 1: Carpet moss

Cushion moss: Belongs to the white moss family. Cushion moss often grows to a length that ranges from 50 cm to 1 meter. The size of its leaves ranges from 5 mm to 9 mm. The moss is distinguishable from other mosses due to its color and murky close-packed tufts or cushions. The moss's color is medium to greyish-green. Cushion moss mainly forms clumps in moist areas or swampy areas.

Cushion moss

Image 2: Cushion moss

Sheet moss: This is a natural organic moss harvested on the floor of old-growth forests. The moss is a decorative soil cover that hides drab soil in house plant pots and makes various arts and crafts. Individuals can use scissors to cut and shape cushion moss into an ideal art or style they need. Sheet moss likes to grow on rocks, logs, and other plants. The height of sheet moss is often under 3 feet.

Sheet moss

Image 3: Sheet moss

Mood moss: Belongs to the craned species. This moss grows in tufts or mats, especially in moist or dry wooded regions. The height of mood moss ranges between 3-4 inches. Mood moss is mainly identified by its curved leaves, with colors that go from yellowish-green to dark green. This moss-like grows under tree shades.

Mood moss

Image 4: Mood moss

Sphagnum moss: This is an utterly unique and fascinating genus of bog-dwelling plants. The moss helps improve soil aeration and loosen compact soils. Additional benefits of sphagnum moss are that it can store and retain significant moisture in its cells, absorb cations like magnesium and calcium and release hydrogen ions. As sphagnum moss grows, it expands into drier areas, thus generating huge mires, including raised and blanket bogs.

Sphagnum moss

Image 5: Sphagnum moss

Individuals can buy the mosses at https://www.tnnursery.net/moss-for-sale/.

Some hardy native plant choices, click to purchase

Fan Clubmoss

Christmas Ferns

Rozanne Geranium

New York Ferns

Sheet Moss

Wild Ginger Plant

Hay Scented Ferns

Lady Ferns

Creeping Phlox

Fiddlehead Fern

Maidenhair Fern

Milkweed Plants

Black-Eyed Susan Plants

Virginia Bluebell Plant

Partridgeberry Plant

Vinca Minor

Periwinkle Plant

Carpet Moss

Partridgeberry Plant

Partridgeberry Plant

Partridgeberry is a low-growing, trailing evergreen plant with glossy leaves and small, white to pinkish tubular flowers, followed by bright red berries commonly found in woodland settings. It is a charming and low-growing ground cover that offers several benefits when incorporated into landscaping designs. Its evergreen nature, delicate flowers, contributions to ground cover, potential for creating naturalistic settings, and ability to add texture and variety to the landscape make it a valuable addition to outdoor spaces. One of the primary advantages of using the plant in landscaping is its evergreen foliage. Partridgeberry Plant retains its leaves the whole year, ensuring it remains visually appealing even during the colder months. This evergreen quality adds a touch of lushness and vibrancy to the garden, contributing to its beauty and allure. The delicate flowers of it contribute to its value in landscaping. The plant produces pairs of small, white, bell-shaped blooms in late spring to early summer. These dainty blooms provide a charming visual display that can be used to infuse a sense of delicacy and grace into garden settings, enhancing the overall aesthetic appeal. Its role as a ground cover is another notable benefit. Its low-growing habit and spreading nature effectively suppress weed growth and cover bare ground. This ground cover capability reduces the need for frequent maintenance and adds a cohesive and polished look to garden beds and borders. The plant's potential for creating naturalistic settings adds to its value in landscaping. Its preference for shaded or partially shaded areas aligns with woodland and forest environments, making it a suitable choice for recreating the tranquility and charm of natural settings within the garden. By integrating it, landscapers can evoke the sense of a serene and enchanting woodland oasis. Furthermore, it adds texture and variety to the landscape. Its trailing stems, glossy leaves, and delicate flowers introduce a sense of dimension and complexity to garden compositions. It can create visual interest along paths, as an edging plant, or soften the edges of hardscaped features. In conclusion, partridgeberry offers a range of benefits when used in landscaping projects. Its evergreen foliage, delicate flowers, contributions to ground cover, potential for creating naturalistic settings, and ability to add texture and variety to the landscape make it a valuable asset in outdoor spaces. By thoughtfully incorporating it into landscape designs, one can create lush, enchanting, and visually captivating gardens that engage the senses and evoke a sense of natural wonder.  Order your Partridgeberry Plant from TN Nursery today Mitchella Repens, commonly called partridgeberry, is a groundcover native to the eastern United States. It has small, round, shiny, dark green leaves that retain their color and remain on the plant year-round. It produces pretty white flowers with a pleasant aroma in late spring to early summer. The flowers form in pairs, and each flower has four petals. In late summer to fall, the flowers are replaced with bright red berries that will remain over the winter, contrasting beautifully with the dark green leaves.  Uses Partridgeberry is a groundcover. It is only about 2 inches high but spreads slowly by creepers, filling in an ever-expanding area. It prefers shade and can provide beautiful color all year round underneath trees and around acid-loving bushes such as azaleas and rhododendrons. It is a very environmentally friendly plant; since it is native to the eastern U.S., many pollinating insects flock to feed on its flowers, and native birds will benefit from the berries.    Sunlight needs: Shade to part shade Preferred soil: Moist, well-drained, acidic soil with a lot of organic matter. Water and maintenance needs: No maintenance and average water needs. Once established, it can withstand short periods of drought.  How to plant  Although it is possible to grow partridgeberry from seeds, the plant naturally propagates by extending stems and growing new roots. Thus, the plant is easily transplanted by simply digging a clump of it up and re-planting it somewhere else. It can be transplanted in either spring or fall.   Prepare the soil for planting by digging in a generous amount of organic matter, such as finely shredded leaves, and checking the pH is on the acidic side. After planting, keep the soil moist but not too wet while the plant establishes itself in the new location.    Benefits  The primary use of partridgeberry is to provide an exciting splash of color and texture in shady areas. It can be used in place of mulch around the base of trees and bushes. It is almost as maintenance-free as mulch but much prettier. It offers vibrant color year-round, and its flowers and berries are good for the environment. You can now buy pots of partridgeberry plants at the low price shown. Shipping is fast nationwide.

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