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DIY Planting Guide - Basic planting guide

Complete Planting Guide For All Your Plants Purchased From Tn Nursery  

TN Nurseries best selling ferns


A great source to Planting all your Plants

Planting ferns

Ferns not only look well growing along the side of a bank near a creek or pond but they also look great in hanging baskets, around house foundations to hide block or in planters as well. When it comes to ferns, many people love them but aren't quite sure how to plant them. If you follow these few simple steps, you should be able to have gorgeous looking ferns in no time.

Here are some simple instructions on planting and caring for the fern.

1. Location - The first thing to do is to determine where in your flower bed/garden the fern is going to be placed. This is important so that they will grow well in the chosen spot.

2. What Kind - After determining the place where your plants are going to be, you must find what kind of fern you want? The fern must be able to thrive in the soil and light condition of that spot. So you must take notes of the areas sunlight and things of that nature. Also, check the soils ph level which can be done with some simple test strips found at your local garden center. Also check the water access for the chosen area, since some ferns require vast amounts of water.

3. Purchase your plant

4. When you pick up the plant be sure to check it for insects, dead spots and other signs of a deteriorating plant. Buy your ferns from TNnursery.net, and you won't have to worry!

5. Now that you have gotten your plant you must select the exact spot that the plant will be placed. Dig a hole twice the size of the roots and add fertilizer if needed. Then place the plant (tear some of the roots so that they spread out) in the hole and fill in the sides. Water the plant immediately afterward. Also be sure to water it on a regular schedule (or however much it needs).

6. Now you can sit back and enjoy your plant's growth and beauty.

By following these few simple steps, you can enjoy the look of a vast, hardy and dense fern in no time!

Plant Information

Our fern plants are dormant bare roots known as rhizomes. They have been in the cooler and will not come up the first season. But the following spring, you should see all the ferns alive and do well. When you purchase "dormant plants" it's as if they are asleep and not growing in the winter months. When you order in the summer and plant them, you may only see 5-10% of new sprouts. These plants are not dead when received. They do not have tops. All our ferns are priced very affordably, most less than .75 cents each, but you will be amazed at what a lovely plant you will have the following spring.

Bareroot plants will not have soil around the root system nor a container. When purchasing bare root plants, you will need to get them on the ground ASAP to prevent them from going in to shock. The same rule should be followed for bare-root perennials, ferns and liner stock.

All leaves, known as foliage on the plants, will always die back for fall planting. This is a standard process. Water the live plants every day after planting for the first five days and you should have success with your plants.

Our plants are always dug the day or-or the day before shipping. We dip each bundle of bare-rooted plants in terasorb. This is a silicone gel that interlocks the moisture in the root system to allow it to ship without stress. We also pack in peat moss. This also helps retain moisture in the root system.

Planting a bare root tree

Do you know how to plant a bare root tree? Or do you even know what a bare root tree is? Any bare root plants are plants that have been grown in the ground and dug up to be shipped to you. These plants are usually shipped in burlap bags around their roots. Here are some simple instructions on planting and caring for bare root trees.

1. Location - Determine where your flower bed /garden is going to be. This is needed before you can select what tree you're going to get. Always remember to not plant any trees around or near walkways, driveways or pipes such as the septic line.

2. What kind of tree you want - Determine what trees can thrive in your selected location. This m!eans taking in to account water consumption, sunlight, and ph levels. Once you've determined which trees will live in your selected spot, decide what you want in that spot. Trees such as great white Oaks need a large amount of room, while small dwarf apple trees need only a small amount of room.

3. Shop - Once you have determined what you're getting, do you're shopping and get your tree. Try shopping TNnursery.net for the best deals.

4. Inspect your tree - Once you get your plant, it should be checked for breaks, insects, dead limbs and other signs of plant deterioration.

5. Dig - Now that you've got your tree you should go to the determined location and dig a hole twice the size of the root ball. This can be done quickly with post hole diggers or a shovel. The plant should have fertilizer added to it and the hole filled in. The tree should be immediately watered. Add mulch or pine needles around the trunk so that the water can retain.

6. Stabilize the tree - Many small trees or saplings may have to be staked up so that they won't fall over and the trunks will grow upright.

7. Sit back and relax, and watch your plant grow (it will take a while of course)

Planting a tree can be rewarding as well as add value to your home.

Planting a bare root Shrub

Do you know how to plant a bare root shrub? Do you even know what a bare root shrub is? A bare root shrub is a plant that has been dug out of the ground just before being shipped, instead of being grown in a flower pot. The plant comes with a burlap sack around the root ball. But how do you plant them? Here are some simple instructions.

1. Location - Determine your planting area - This includes where the plant is going to be located and the surrounding area as well. You should also take note to avoid any electrical wires, sewage lines, or gas pipes that may be under your selected area. Also determine the amount of water, sun, and space the plant will need.

2. Determine the right plant - Next, you should find what shrub that you will put in the area. This means you must see what will grow and thrive in that specific area, and then choose what you want from your list of plants. The things that should be taken into consideration when picking a plant includes the shrubs maximum size, soil ph levels, fertilizer, sunlight, and water consumption.

3. Go shopping - Look around at different sellers of the plant to see who offers the best value.

4. Check your plant- Once you get your plant, check it over. Things that you should look for include insects, cracks or breaks, dead leaves, and serious yellowing of the leaves. These may indicate that the plant may be dying or at risk of dying.

5. Planting-To plant your shrub dig a hole that is twice the size of the root ball. Insert plant and fertilizer. Then fill the area around the plant with dirt. Next, your plant should be watered.

6. Sit back, relax, and watch your plant grow. (you still have to care for it though!)

This can be very rewarding with just a little work.

Planting a bare root Perennial plant

Are you interested in planting some bare root perennial plants? Or do you even know what a bare root perennial plant is? A bare root perennial is a perennial plant that has been grown in the ground and not a pot - and is dug up the day of shipment. Usually, their roots are placed in a burlap bag that keeps them reasonably moist for transport. But do you know how to plant them? Here are some simple instructions on planting them. Spacing needs to be 12" to 4 feet

1. Selecting the area- Determine where your flower bed, hedge, a small natural area is going to be is the first question. Once this has been determined, you should note where you want plants and the necessary qualities. Some of the qualities that should be noted are sunlight, water levels, ph levels, and the type of soil there.

2. Selecting a Plant - Next, you should do some research on what plants can live and thrive in those conditions. Then from that list of plants, select your favorites.

3. Shopping - The third thing to do is to shop around for the best plant you can find. If you don't, you may be wasting your money, so spend some time shopping around for the best value.

4. Checking the Plant - As soon as you get your plant, check it over. The plant may have signs that it is unhealthy. Symptoms may include insect infestation, dead limbs, large amounts of yellowing leaves, and breaks in the plant.

5. Planting- To plant your new perennial you must first dig a hole twice the size of the plant's root ball. Insert the plant and fertilizer (it should have fertilizer added) and fill it in. Immediately water the plant.

6. Watch your plant grow and thrive in its new home. (Don't forget to water regularly)

By following these few simple steps, you can have great perennials to enjoy year after year in no time.

Planting bare root ground cover

Does your yard or flowerbed need some ground cover? Or are you planning a new flower bed that will make use of groundcovers great ability to spread? Either way, have you considered using a bare root ground cover? A bare root ground cover is a ground cover plant and is a plant that was grown in a field instead of in a flower bed. These plants are dug up right before they are sent to your house. The roots are wrapped in a burlap sack to help retain moisture. Do you know how to plant these kinds of plants? Here are some simple instructions.

1. First, you must determine where your plant or new flower bed is going. This means to also take in the fact that there may be underground wires or pipes in the area. You should also take in to account the qualities of the area, which include sunlight amounts (shade, full, partial), water amounts, soil ph levels, and the kind of soil that is there.

2. Picking a ground cover - Take the qualities that you have organized for the area of your plant and use them to narrow down what plants will live in that kind of zone. Once you know what plants will live there, you can pick which one you like the most.

3. Shopping-Wait! Don't just buy the first plant you see! Go shopping around; look for who has the best value on your selected plant.

4. Getting your plant - Once you've got your plant, check it over for dead spots. The list of things that mean a damaged plant can include insect infestation, dead parts, severely yellowing leaves, and other serious signs. If any of these are present, contact your dealer.

5. Planting your plant - To plant your new ground cover, you must dig a hole twice the size of the plant's root ball. Then insert the plant into the hole, add fertilizer, and fill it in. Immediately water the plant.

Sit back and marvel at your plant thrives in its new home.

Planting bare root wetland plants

Do you know how to plant a bare root wetland plant? A wetland plant is a plant that is either grown in the water or around the edge of the water (swamps are included). A "bare root" plant is a plant that has been raised in a field, or in this case, a pond or such - and dug out the day of shipment. These plants are a little bit more difficult to plant, but it can be done. Here are some simple instructions.

1. First, you must determine where your pond, wetland area, or individual plant is going to be placed. The area that you decide should be surveyed for certain qualities, such as water level, (if it is just a wetland) soil moisture, sunlight, ph levels, and other contributing factors.

2. Selecting your plant - The next thing to do is to select what plants can grow in that specific area. From that list of plants, you should pick a plant to buy.

3. Go Shopping! - Make sure that you don't just go and buy the first plant you see. There are (more than likely) hundreds of stores that sell the plant. Look around until you find a good deal (check out TN Nursery for some great deals). Then buy it.

4. Plant health - When getting your plant you should fully inspect the plant for damage. The list of possible damage includes insect infestations, breaks or tears in the plant, massive amounts of yellowing, and other serious damage signs.

5. Planting - For wetland plants, dig a hole twice the size of the plant's root ball. The plant should be placed in the hole with fertilizer and then filled in, water immediately afterward. For pond plants, a simple burying of the root into the mud will be sufficient.

6. Sit back and relax, and watch your plants grow. (That is if you maintain them!)

Planting Live Stakes

Live stakes, like all plants, need soil, water, and sunlight. The best species to use for live stakes are willows and red osier dogwood because they are easy to grow and have excellent root strength. Black cottonwood can also be used, but cuttings from this species do not grow as consistently well. Live stakes should be planted in areas that will remain moist throughout the growing season, such as along the water line on streambanks or in wetlands. Follow the instructions below to make and plant your live stakes.

Cut stakes from long, upright branches taken off the parent plant. Typically, live stakes should be between 18 and 24 inches long and at least three-eighths of an inch in diameter. Follow the guidelines suggested in the ethics of plant collection (below).

Make a straight cut at the narrow end of the stake (toward the tip of the branch). At the thicker end (toward the trunk) cut the branch at an angle, so that it makes a point. This way you will know which end is up, and it will also be easier to drive the stakes into the ground. It is important to plant live stakes with the correct end in the ground; otherwise, they will die.

Remove the leaves and small branches from the stakes as soon as possible after cutting them, to keep the stakes from drying out.

Dip the top (blunt cut, narrow end) 2-3 inches of the stakes in latex paint immediately after they are cut. The paint not only marks which end is up, but it also seals the exposed cut end and helps prevent drying and cracking. You can also use different colors of paint to color different code species of cuttings, planting times, and other treatments. The paint will also make the stakes visible once they are planted so people won't trip over them.

Plant your stakes within 24 hours for best results. In the meantime, keep them moist and wet in buckets or wet burlap sacks. On hot days, keep them in the shade until you plant them.

Soak or dip the bottom ends of cuttings in a solution of plant rooting hormone before planting to speed up growth (you don't need to use rooting hormone for most willows or red osier dogwood. These species have incipient root buds ready to go and will root immediately.)

Drive the stakes into the streambank or wetland soil at least one foot deep (the thicker, the better). Leave three to six inches above ground surface so they can sprout leaves. At first, the stakes will survive by rooting, but eventually, leaves will sprout from the exposed end of the stakes.

Drive stakes into the ground with a rubber mallet to avoid damaging them. Use a planting bar or length of rebar to start the hole in hard soils.

Use long stakes at least one-half inch in diameter when planting in riprap (rocks). The longer, thicker stakes will survive heating and dry better than smaller diameter cuttings.

Use longer stakes and leave one-foot sticking above the ground if the stake will be shaded by surrounding vegetation. If a willow stake gets too much shade, it will drop its new leaves and die. If the area you are planting will be heavily shaded, use a more shade-tolerant riparian species such as salmonberry. Bear in mind. However, that salmonberry stems dry out more easily.

Keep the whips! (The slender twigs snipped off during stake cutting.) Whips will grow nicely if they are planted in very moist areas at the edges of streams and wetlands. Push them into the ground as far as they will go without breaking.

The best time to plant live stakes is during the dormant season. In western Washington, this is roughly from the beginning of November through the end of February, although live stakes planted in October and March will flourish almost as well. Live stakes can also be planted during the growing season, especially at sites that will remain moist, although survival rates will be lower. Plant live stakes whenever you can; any that die can easily be replaced during the dormant season.

Source of Information on a Complete Planting Guide



New York Fern

Maidenhair fern

Bracken fern

Walking fern

Christmas Fern

Christmas Fern

Christmas ferns are known for their evergreen fronds that stay green throughout the winter, making them a popular choice for holiday decorations. An evergreen fern that offers numerous landscaping benefits. Its elegant appearance, resilience, and adaptability make it a favorite choice for professional landscapers and homeowners alike. One of the key advantages of incorporating it into landscaping is its aesthetic appeal. Christmas Fern Stay Lush and Green Year Round It works well as a ground cover or as part of a woodland or shade garden, providing a lush and inviting atmosphere. Furthermore, it is highly adaptable and can thrive in various conditions. It is well-suited for shady areas, making it an excellent option for landscaping beneath large trees or where other plants struggle to grow. Its ability to tolerate different soil types, including clay and rocky soils, makes it a valuable addition to landscapes with varying soil conditions. Another benefit of using it is its low maintenance requirements. It is also relatively pest and disease-resistant, reducing the need for frequent interventions. Christmas Fern Thrives in Full Shade or Full Shade Besides its ornamental value, it offers environmental benefits. As an evergreen plant, it provides year-round interest and remains green even during the colder months. This characteristic makes creating visually appealing landscapes essential, particularly in regions with harsh winters. Moreover, it plays a role in soil conservation. Its thick root system helps stop soil erosion, especially on sloped terrains. Stabilizing the soil contributes to the landscape's overall health and nearby water bodies by reducing sediment runoff. Finally, it provides habitat and food for various wildlife species. Its dense foliage offers shelter and nesting sites for small animals and birds, while some creatures consume the fern's fronds as part of their diet. Incorporating this fern into a landscape design can enhance biodiversity and support the local ecosystem. Christmas Ferns: A Highly Sustainable Plant For The Eco-System In conclusion, the Christmas fern offers many benefits when landscaping. Its attractive appearance, adaptability to various conditions, low maintenance needs, and environmental contributions make it a valuable asset to any outdoor space. Whether as ground cover, in woodland gardens, or for soil conservation, it is a versatile and visually appealing option that can transform landscapes into beautiful and sustainable environments. TN Nursery Sells Mature Christmas Ferns The Christmas Fern, scientifically known as Polystichum acrostichoides, is a charming and resilient native fern species found primarily in the eastern regions of North America. This evergreen perennial plant is aptly named for its ability to maintain its vibrant green fronds throughout the winter, symbolizing endurance and vitality during the holiday season.  Standing between one and two feet tall, the fern boasts graceful, lance-shaped fronds emanating from a central rhizomatous base. These pinnate fronds comprise numerous smaller leaflets, lending them an intricate and delicate appearance. The leaflets are arranged alternately along the rachis, creating a striking, feather-like pattern.   The Christmas Fern produces fresh, bright green fronds that unfurl and grace the forest floor with lush beauty during the spring and early summer. As the seasons progress, the fronds gradually mature and harden, adopting a leathery texture that allows them to endure the harsh conditions of winter without withering or losing their color. This remarkable adaptation has earned the fern its common name, as its evergreen presence in woodlands during the festive Christmas season captures the imagination.  Christmas Ferns Thrive In Moist Soils The fern thrives in shaded, moist woodlands, often spreading to form dense colonies beneath the towering canopy of trees. Its preference for shady environments makes it an excellent choice for gardeners seeking to cultivate native plants in low-light areas of their landscapes. This exquisite fern not only adds to the visual beauty of its surroundings but also plays a crucial ecological role by serving as a sanctuary and protective shelter for various small creatures like wildlife and insects.  In conclusion, the Christmas Fern is a beloved symbol of resilience and beauty in the eastern woodlands of North America. Its graceful fronds, evergreen presence, and adaptability to various environmental conditions make it a cherished component of natural ecosystems and cultivated gardens, adding a touch of elegance and endurance to the holiday season and beyond.

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