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Black Willow Care

Salix Nigra or the black willow is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America.

Though the black willow is only a medium-sized tree compared to the oak, the sequoia tree, or the redwood, it is the largest North American species of willow. It can grow to be between 30 to 90 feet tall with a trunk of up to around 3 feet in diameter.

The black willow gets its name from its bark which is dark brown to black and heavily fissured in older trees.

Like all willows, the black willow was prized among the first nation peoples of North America due to its bark being used as cordage. Both the bark and slender young branches were used in basket making, and the bark could also be boiled and made into a bitter tea that contains the same active ingredient as aspirin.

The black willow also has the easily recognizable shape as other willows and also, like other willows, is usually found growing along stream banks, in swamps, and in wet woodlands. The black willow has been overlooked or thought of as a nuisance since its usefulness became negated by modern medicine and basketry. Still, it is currently regaining popularity as a native species used in landscaping and gardening. When the landscaping or gardening project calls for a stream or lake to be edged with trees to prevent erosion and add beauty, there is no better choice than the black willow.

Black Willow - TN Nursery

Black Willow

The Black Willow is a highly adaptable tree that can grow in wetlands, along riverbanks, and in drier upland areas. Their extensive root systems help stabilize soil, prevent erosion, and improve water purity by filtering pollutants and excess nutrients. This shrub is a remarkable species with numerous landscaping benefits. Its unique characteristics and ecosystem services make it a valuable addition to various environments, ranging from residential gardens to public parks and urban green spaces. Enjoy Rapid Growth With Black Willows Black willows can reach heights ranging from 40 to 60 feet. They have wedge-shaped leaves that narrow to a pointy end. These leaves are normally two to six inches long. One side of the leaves stays somewhat glossy and has a medium-to-dark green color. The other side usually has a dull appearance in the same hue. As they grow, the bark on these trees may become a sandy color or even turn black. It also becomes deeply grooved. The genetic makeup of these trees causes them to grow extremely fast. Their root system, which efficiently absorbs water and nutrients, further contributes to their rapid growth. Enhance Phytoremediation With Black Willows By drawing out organic pollutants, metalloids, and metals from the soil, they act as filters. They can even remove the herbicide Bentazon from shallow groundwater via their filtration capabilities. This is very useful in areas where there is a lot of industrial waste or agricultural runoff. The rate at which these plants can detoxify themselves is dependent on the contaminants they come across. Another way these plants help with phytoremediation is by releasing enzymes and other chemicals that break down organic pollutants in soil or groundwater. Once absorbed, the pollutants undergo metabolic or physiological changes inside the tree. These changes either lower their concentration or convert them into less harmful forms. Create Natural Privacy With Black Willows Because of their towering height, thick foliage, and quick growth rate, they are great options for creating natural privacy. Their verdant greenery creates a dense canopy that shuts out unwanted light and noise. Planting them in rows creates a living wall that blocks the view of nearby houses or busy roadways. Boost Erosion Control With Black Willows They provide soil protection because of their deep, spreading roots. These roots have a high capacity for absorbing water, which is of great benefit in areas prone to flooding or waterlogging. They not only prevent soil saturation but also mitigate water runoff. Their adaptability to damp environments and soil preservation capabilities make them useful for revegetating disturbed areas and rehabilitating damaged ecosystems.

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weeping willow tree

Weeping Willow

Weeping Willow is a towering and graceful deciduous tree known for its long branches that sweep downward, creating a weeping and elegant appearance commonly found near water bodies. It is a stunning deciduous tree renowned for its graceful, drooping branches that create a cascading effect, making it an excellent addition to any landscape. The weeping willow is a stately tree that needs no introduction. This type of willow features cascading branches that give it its unique moniker. But despite this, there are plenty of reasons why you'd likely be quite content to plant one of these gorgeous trees in your own yard. Let's take a look at some of the top benefits of these trees and why they're so popular. Weeping Willow Appreciate Excessive Moisture While it's always possible to overwater any plant, these trees actually thrive in moister areas, making them the perfect plant to incorporate into swampier areas where you're having trouble growing some of your other favorite flowers. Better yet, they look stunning over a pond or small body of water, captivating passerby with their delicate yet powerful presence. Weeping Willow Offers Sustenance to Local Wildlife The branches and leaves of these trees fall often, and it's a good thing as they offer food for local wildlife. It's a major bonus for anyone looking to create a natural space that benefits the environment. They get the free cleanup offered by small rodents and animals like deer, as well as a show when they stop by to feed, and the animals get a quick meal whenever they need it. Weeping Willow Are Perfect to Plant Under or Spend Time Beneath The biggest benefit offered by these trees is the sheer amount of shaded space located underneath them. If you have some plants that thrive better in darker areas, this tree might be the perfect spot to position them under. Of course, you could always enjoy the tree yourself, sitting under it to read a book and enjoy a reprieve away from the summer sun. Weeping Willow Enhances the Look of Your Surroundings These trees are one of the few that need no explanation as to why they enter. They have an almost dream-like appearance that quickly pulls you in, something that is further enhanced by the yellow flowers that start to make an appearance towards the end of winter and the beginning of spring. If you're looking for a tree that immediately pulls you in and serves to enhance the look of your surroundings, this is the one.

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