Wetland Plants For Zone 6
The many benefits of Wetland Plants
Wetland ecosystems are prevalent across the planet. Many plant and animal life forms have evolved to fill the biological niches in wetlands. Wetlands function in ways to benefit people, so people should have an interest in preserving wetlands.
Plants provide the base of the food chain in the ecosystem, and therefore critical for the entire wetland system. Many types of plants are in a wetland, but some types to mention include pickerelweed (Pontederia cordata), [duck potatoe] (Sagittaria latifolia), duckweed (Lemna minor), common sundew (Drosera rotundifolia), Venus flytrap (Dionaea muscipula), [bul rush] (Typha latifolia) and cattails (Typha latifolia).
The root system on a plant cleans stagnant water by absorbing excess nitrogen that can arise from pesticides and dead animals. The natural filtration creates cleaner water in the environment. Clean water for human communities can result in fewer costs for water treatment and more safe water supply.
The wetland plants play a role in decreasing soil erosion from the land. The plant's roots can act as a natural mess network to stabilize the soil along the edge of the water. Vegetation below the surface of the water can absorb and dissipate the forces of waves to decrease a natural shearing force of the moving water against the soil. Erosion can financially impact significant river systems with soil deposits, which eventually require dredging to maintain tugboat and barge usage in the river. Erosion and lack of wetland plants may put shoreline structures at risk for flooding, which results in replacement costs and displaced people needing assistance.
The plants also provide shelter to animals living in the wetlands. Many wetland plants help create situations for animal nurseries. The roots and leaves from plants also allow for fish and amphibians to hide from predators and prey. Many birds make nests on the grounds or even in the trees of wetlands. The animals depending on the wetland plants might attract fisherman, which can generate revenues to a local community.
The common mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis)is a minnow that [decreases misquitos] by eating their larvae. Frogs, toads, salamanders and small birds exist among the plants to also feed the adult mosquitoes. Mosquitoes carry West Nile Virus and other harmful human diseases, so wetland plants may help save human lives by limiting the opportunity for disease transmission. The common sundew (Drosera rotundifolia) and the Venus flytrap (Dionaea muscipula) are carnivorous plants that also eat insects.
There are many benefits to preserving wetlands and wetland plants. Some of the cost benefits are easy to realize, but others have an impact in many indirect ways. People should work to preserve wetland plants and wetlands.