Black Gum Tree

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Planting Zones 4-9
Ships Nov-Dec

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Black Gum Tree Description

Black Gum Tree

Black gum ( Nyssa sylvatica) is among the Native trees that begin to change their color before other plant species. The leaves become vibrant red, summoning the arrival of Autumn followed by others. This tree is native to North America with various species found throughout Eastern North America from Ontario to Texas and Florida.

 It is a deciduous street tree that grows between 30' – 50' in height and 20' – 30' in the spread. It is known for its thick straight trunk with alligator-like scales that distinguish it from other plants. The leaves are glossy dark green in the summer with an oval shape and rounded base.

They get a beautiful wine-red or peach in the fall, and other shades of bright red, yellow-orange, scarlet, or purple sometimes appear on the same branch. Leaves of these trees are typically between two to six inches long. The bluish-black fruit of the tree is an important food source for birds attracting them from different regions. However, the greenish-white flowers of the tree are dominated by the colors of Autumn. 

Black gum ( Black Tupelo ) plant  prefers rich, wet and acidic soils with a loamy, sandy texture

However, it is adaptive and is tolerant to poorly-drained soil, dry soil, and drought while withstanding ice, wind, and salt spray. The tree begins as an attractive pyramid shape and eventually grows into a circular symmetrical canopy. Most plants settle at around 30 feet tall though they can grow up to 100 feet inadequate conditions. The trunk is commonly 1 to 2 feet and reaches 15 feet or more in 10 years. 

It is a low-maintenance plant with excellent ornamental value and is not affected by cold or warm weather or humidity. Black gum must be planted in an area with ample space to grow, allowing it to attain the most height and spread during maturity.

The roots are long, taproots that reach deep into the ground. Apart from the first growing season, they do not require regular watering. They grow with minimal pruning and once–a–year fertilization. Though they do not acquire diseases much, it is good to look for cankers, leaf spots, scales, and leaf miners to keep your plant healthy. Apart from being a treat to our eyes and easy to maintain, these plants are easy to grow. They do well in full sun with partial shade, where they need complete exposure to the sun for around 4 hours a day.

Anyone willing to add pretty ornamental plants to their garden or backyard cannot miss buying Black Gum with pretty, glossy dark green leaves in summer and charming scarlet red fall color and orange hues in Autumn. 


Black Gum, Nyssa Sylvatica is For Sale at TN Wholesale Nursery with Low Prices and Fast Shipping


Reviews (1)

  • 5
    Beautiful colors

    Posted by Ginger Laneson on Jan 06, 2022

    I bought some in 2020 they had gorgeous leaves in the fall of 2021 I order another one!


Shipping Information

We dig fresh our plants and ship immediately. We ship US Mail, Priority shipping. You will receive a tracking number once your plants ship. All plants will be fine in their packages for up to 3 days after receiving.

How We Protect Your Plants For Transit

We sell only bare root plants. We dip the roots in tera-sorb silicone gel to retain ample moisture for transit and surround with plastic. This is superior protection for plants in transit for up to 12 days.

Upon Receipt Of Your Plants

Open your plants and inspect the same day received. We offer 3 days to report any problems with your order. Bare root plants need to be planted within 2-3 days of receiving unless weather-related problems prohibit planting. Store in a cool place and keep roots moist and covered with plastic until they can be planted. Water for the first week daily after planting.

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