Swamp Chestnut Oak

Swamp Chestnut Oak

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Swamp Chestnut Oak - Quercus michauxii


The Swamp Chestnut Oak can grow up to one hundred feet tall. It can reach six feet in diameter as well. It's most commonly found near bottoms of ridges and around river streams. It thrives in salty deposit soils or clays. When planted healthily, a Swamp Chestnut Oak can grow up to eight inches per year. Its hardy planting zones are five through nine. They grow in the southeastern United States a majority of the time.

The Swamp Chestnut Oak needs a lot of water and is tolerant to a few floods. It requires partial sun as well. It's a mostly deciduous tree that produces tasty acorns. These acorns are unique as they’re safe to eat directly after picking. This tree is used for decorative and functional purposes. It is used to decorate yards or cut down and sold to lumber companies. The Swamp Chestnut Oak's wood is often used in basket making as well. Its acorns are eaten by squirrels, bears, deer, and cows. Therefore, it is sometimes referred to as the cow or basket oak.

The tree itself has oblong leaves that grow up to eleven inches long with a taper at the bottom.

Its leaves also appear to have large rounded serrated edges. They have grey hairy undersides with dark green and shiny topsides. Each leaf stalk is around one inch in length. The tree has a gathered and oval top. Acorns usually grow together in batches of two or three. Their bark is like other deciduous trees. It is light grey, scaly, and rough. The bark also falls off quickly as it is loose. Though the bark is weak, the wood h

has been known for its durability since the 1800s.

Throughout April and May, yellow and red blooms appear in lengths up to four inches. The acorns follow each flower in succession. In the fall, the soil around a Swamp Chestnut Oak must be mulched to protect the roots. The leaves will turn dark red, (apart from the undersides). However, the acorns aren't seen until the tree matures from twenty to twenty-five years old.

The Quercus michauxii was discovered by French naturalist Francois Andre Michaux, for whom the tree has earned its name. It is a low maintenance tree with many benefits.


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Swamp Chestnut Oak