Black Willow Tree
- Latin Name- Black Willow/Salix nigra Hardy Planting Zones- Zones 2-8 Mature Height- 30-60 feet Mature Width- 15-25 feet Bloom Season- March and April Sun or Shade- Full sun to partial shade
Black Willow Tree - Size is 1-3 Feet in Height
Named for dark brownish-black bark, the Black Willow is one of the fastest growing willows. It grows to be one of enormous willows when mature. Leaves are sprawling and create an irregular tree shape. The shallow roots prefer moist soil; they are naturally found in wetlands and along streams. Roots need a lot of supply of water during the growing season. They are very tolerant of flooding. The trunk is usually one thick trunk or several trunks growing from one root set. The wood is light, sturdy, and resists splintering; therefore, it has many commercial uses. Historically, natural Glucoside Salicin was extracted from the bark and leaves of the willow and used to treat ailments such as rheumatism. The ingredient, salicylic acid, is currently used in aspirin; although it is now made synthetically. Narrow-leaf blades taper to a point and grow up to 5 inches long. They are dark green and shiny on top and light green underneath. When ripe, reddish-brown, cone-shaped fruit dries and cracks open. In March and April, modest yellow flowers or catkins, lacking petals, bloom at the time when leaves appear in spring. Leaves turn yellow in the fall and either fall off or wither and remain on branches during winter. It grows best in moist soil and typically can be found in clay, loam, and sand.The Black Willow tree is an extremely hardy species found most commonly in the eastern portions of the United States. They are known both for their splinter resistant softwood, and their uncanny ability to thrive in wet and unfavorable conditions. The Black Willow gets its name from its bark coloration, which ranges from its namesake black to gray and even dark brown on occasion. Its wood is so flexible and lights that it was once used to make artificial limbs, but today it's most common use is in the construction of shipping boxes.