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Oxeye Daisy - Everything You Need to Know

The Oxeye daisy, scientifically known as Leucanthemum vulgare, is a charming and resilient perennial flower native to Europe and Asia. It boasts a distinctive appearance that sets it apart from its floral counterparts.

Here is everything you need to know about the Oxeye daisy:


The Oxeye Daisy features a classic daisy-like bloom with a prominent yellow disk-shaped center surrounded by delicate white petals. The petals are often slightly notched at the tips, adding a touch of intricacy to the flower's simplicity.

Growth Habit

This perennial herbaceous plant typically reaches about 1 to 3 feet (30 to 90 cm) and spreads through rhizomes. It forms clumps of basal leaves and erect stems that support its cheerful flowers.

Oxeye Daisy Leaves

The leaves of the Oxeye Daisy are lance-shaped and toothed, with a slightly hairy texture. They form a rosette at the base of the plant and gradually decrease in size as they ascend the stem.

Oxeye Daisy Flowers

The flower heads of the Oxeye Daisy are solitary, measuring around 1 to 2 inches (2.5 to 5 cm) in diameter. The bright yellow center comprises numerous tiny disk florets, while the white ray florets surround it in a captivating display.

Cultural Significance and Symbolism of the Oxeye Daisy

Beyond its aesthetic appeal, the Oxeye Daisy carries cultural significance and symbolism

In folklore and traditional medicine, the Oxeye Daisy was associated with various uses, including herbal remedies for treating ailments and soothing skin irritations.

The Oxeye Daisy is often associated with innocence, purity, and new beginnings. It symbolizes the charm of simplicity and the return of warm seasons.

Ecological Value

As a native wildflower, the Oxeye Daisy plays a role in supporting pollinators, including bees and butterflies, by providing nectar and pollen. Its presence contributes to the health of local ecosystems.

Cultivation Tips and Considerations

Cultivating Oxeye daisies in your garden can be a delightful endeavour, provided you consider certain factors:

  • Hardiness Zones
  • Oxeye Daisies thrive in various climates and are typically hardy in U.S.D.A. zones 3 to 9. Check your specific hardiness zone to ensure they are suitable for your region.

  • Sunlight
  • These daisies flourish in full sun to partial shade. While they can tolerate some shade, they tend to produce more abundant blooms when exposed to ample sunlight.

  • Soil
  • Oxeye Daisies prefer well-draining soil. They can tolerate various soil types, but good drainage is essential to prevent root rot.

  • Watering
  • Once established, Oxeye Daisies are relatively drought-tolerant and require minimal watering. Allow the soil to dry between waterings.

  • Propagation
  • Propagate Oxeye Daisies through division, seeds, or transplants. The division is best done in spring or fall while sowing seeds directly in early spring can produce beautiful blooms.

  • Maintenance
  • Oxeye Daisies are low-maintenance plants. Deadhead spent flowers to encourage prolonged blooming. In late fall, consider leaving some seed heads for birds to enjoy.

  • Invasive Potential
  • While beloved, the Oxeye Daisy can become invasive in some regions, out-competing native plants. Check with local authorities to ensure its cultivation is appropriate for your area.

  • Companion Plants
  • Pair Oxeye Daisies with other native wildflowers, grasses, and perennials to create a vibrant and ecologically beneficial garden.

    The Oxeye Daisy evokes a sense of nostalgia and natural beauty. Its timeless appearance, cultural symbolism, and ecological value make it a cherished addition to gardens, meadows, and landscapes. Whether dotting the countryside or standing in your garden, the Oxeye Daisy reminds you of the natural world's simple yet profound pleasures. By understanding its characteristics and cultivating them responsibly, you can create a harmonious and captivating space that celebrates the elegance of this charming wildflower.

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    Oxeye Daisy - TN Nursery

    Oxeye Daisy

    Oxeye Daisy is a perennial wildflower with white, daisy-like flowers featuring yellow centers and deeply lobed leaves, often found in meadows and fields, adding charm to natural landscapes. It's known for its radiant white petals and sunny yellow center. It is a charming perennial with numerous landscaping benefits. Its innate qualities make it a popular choice among gardeners and landscapers alike. Delight Your Yard With Large, Round Flowerheads Of Oxeye Daisy Oxeye Daisy, which blooms single or in clusters from May through September, can reach a height of three feet on their tall, thick individual stems. The flowers they produce are actually multiple flowers in one. 15 to 35 white (ray flower) petals surround the flower head, which consists of 400 to 500 yellow disk flowers. This flower's distinctive feature is its enormous, spherical blossom head. Each bloom can reach up to three inches in diameter. When full-grown, these plants can get up to two feet wide. Once established, you'll likely never run out of daisies since they are so good at self-seeding. Make Your Yard Unique With Spoon-Shaped Leaves Of The Oxeye Daisy This plant has dark green, spoon-shaped leaves that taper into narrow, serrated ones as they grow up the stem. Leaves that are the biggest appear around the plant's base; they are about six inches long and two inches wide and have as many as 15 lobed edges. The top leaves are thin, alternately placed, and sometimes clasp up against the stem. These clasping leaves, which are one to four inches long, also have lobed edges. Typically, the number of teeth or lobed edges on a leaf increases as it grows higher on the stalk. Add Biodiversity to Your Yard Oxeye Daisy Nectar-Rich Plants The oxeye daisy is the largest type. Pollen and nectar found in these flowers are essential for the survival of several pollinating insects, such as moths, beetles, butterflies, hoverflies, and beetles. The male disk flowers emit a ring of yellow pollen around the periphery, while the many tiny flowers that compose the flower's yellow center contain nectar. Adding these flowers to your yard or garden is a perfect way to lure pollinators and increase their biodiversity. Oxeye Daisy Are Perfect for Pest and Wildlife Control These plants are magnets for good bugs, such as pollen-feeding beetles, which eat bad bugs like aphids. Animals like cattle stay away from areas with these flowers because they irritate the wildlife's lips, nostrils, and legs. These characteristics make the plant an excellent form of pest and wildlife control.

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