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Select Your Oak Tree Favorites For Residential & Recreational Landscapes
As an experienced TN plant nursery, we provide a complete inventory of popular oak trees for landscaping and commercial planting. Consider the following if you are planning a reforestation project or want to integrate a sturdy oak into your landscape.
What You Need to Know About Planting Oak Trees
Every variety of oak tree shares certain characteristics. These include growing for upwards of 30 years before producing acorns and life-expectancies that can exceed 1,000 years. The broad sweeping leaf-covered limbs provide shade for people, and they remain a vital food resource for insects and wildlife creatures such as squirrels. The leaves also add to the rich foliage colors during autumn.
Timber outfits typically harvest oak trees between 20-30 years for the valuable and dense lumber used in construction, furniture, and wine barrels, among others. Following a clear-cutting, property owners replant with oak tree seedlings to maintain a healthy ecosystem. Oak trees tend to resist pest infestations and blight well, making them a reliable timber resource. In TN, red and white oaks usually provide the best return on investment for the logging industry.
Favorite Oak Trees for Residential & Recreational Landscapes
If you include hybrid varieties, the oak tree family comprises approximately 600 members. In TN, there only a handful of native oaks because certain types may not withstand the frigid winters or acclimate to soil conditions. As a result, our TN nursery stocks only oak trees that will flourish in the region. Property owners often take advantage of the benefits these oak tree favorites deliver.
Black Oak Trees: This variety of the Red Oak family can mature to 50 feet tall at a rate of 18-22 inches annually. Many consider Black Oaks landscaping darlings for several reasons. Its leaves emerge in spring and remain late into fall, turning eye-catching shades of red and orange. The tree develops a large canopy-like crown that provides ample shade. Black Oak trees also thrive in direct sunlight, making them a popular choice.
- Chestnut Oak Trees: This variety reaches 60-70 feet and produces iconic burgundy foliage during fall. Chestnut Oaks generally spread out as wide as their height, making them an excellent shade option in residential and recreational landscapes. Because they prefer acidic soil and tolerate long dry spells, this variety tends to succeed in this region.
- Pin Oak Trees: This variety tends to form an oval shape when mature. Pin Oak trees reach between 60 and 70 feet tall while spreading outwards 25-45 feet. This aspect has proven useful in suburban landscapes that benefit from tall shade trees with space limitations. These trees thrive in direct sunlight, produce long yellow catkins during spring. The leaves turn bronze and red during fall.
- Red Oak Trees: This northern variety produces waxy leaves that turn into an iconic red during the fall. They mature to 60-75 feet tall with a spread of about 45 feet. Red Oak trees can grow as much as 2 feet each year, making them an excellent landscaping asset to plant as seedlings. They typically succeed in moist, sandy, and clay soils.
- Southern Red Oak: This variety tends to outpace its Northern cousin in terms of maturation height and width. The Southern Red Oak can exceed 80 feet and develop a crown that spreads upwards of 70 feet wide. Like others in its class, Southern Red Oaks tolerate acidic, sandy, and clay soils while handling the cold winters.
- Swamp Chestnut Oak: Reaching heights of 100 feet and 60 feet wide, the Swamp Chestnut Oak also integrates a light, gray bark into the landscape. It offers red fall foliage, and the mighty oak ranks among the popular windbreak assets.
- Swamp White Oak: This variety balances height and width at about 60 feet when fully mature. Its striking orange-gold fall leaves and silver-white bark make it a landscaping gem.
- White Oak: The White Oak continues to garner popularity as a shade tree because its maximum spread of 100 feet exceeds its 80-foot height potential. This facet makes White Oak Trees favorites for recreational green spaces such as parks and campgrounds, among others.
- Willow Oak: Also known as the “Handsome Tree,” Willow Oaks possess bright green leaves that turn yellow, orange, and bronze during the fall. Considered modest growers, this variety matures to 60 feet tall and 40 feet wide.