Successfully Growing Perennials

Perennials come back year after year, sometimes for decades.

The flowers are generally less showy than annuals, which only last a year, but they're prized because of their sturdiness, the variety of colors, and the shapes of their leaves and blooms. Most are also easy to grow and don't need too much pampering.

Perennial plants often make up herbaceous borders in a garden.

Different perennials include Virginia bluebells, larkspur, may apple, and black cohosh. Perennials can have very different requirements for sunlight, climate, soil conditions, and water.

Virginia bluebells are plants with beautiful, blue, bell-shaped flowers that bloom in spring. They're found in the eastern woodlands of North America and have round, gray-green leaves. Virginia bluebells, also known as Virginia cowslip, make a lovely addition to a perennial garden. The plant can grow to around 24 inches tall. The gardener should guard against overwatering them and not plant them in a place where rain is abundant. They can be propagated by division or seeds, and many gardeners prefer seeds. These flowers need sandy soil that has a good amount of peat.

Larkspur is one of the most popular perennial plants. Flowers, which can be purple, blue, red, pink, white, or yellow, appear in the summer. Larkspur thrives in hardiness zones 3 to 8 and likes moist, well-drained, loamy, alkaline soil in full sun. The plant is also called delphinium. The plants should be spaced two feet apart and staked if they grow tall. Some species can grow to five feet tall. Jack in the Pulpit loves shade, so they go well with this plant.

Perennial like the may apple is a plant for a shady, damp spot in the garden.

It has large leaves that form an umbrella shape and is one of the first flowers to bloom in spring. The may apple produces a single white flower which turns into a golden fruit by late summer. The fruit is edible. The plant can be propagated by rhizomes or seeds and should be planted in moist, acidic soil. Jacobs Ladder goes well with the may apple plant.

Black cohosh is often grown as a medicinal herb. It's mainly used to ease problems in the female reproductive system. It's native to the eastern part of North America and can be found as far west as Arkansas. It's found in the woods and produces clusters of white flowers in the early summer. It likes heavy, damp soil. Black cohosh has a somewhat fetid smell that gives it the nickname bugbane.

Jack In The Pulpit - TN Nursery

Jack In The Pulpit

Jack In The Pulpit is a woodland perennial known for its distinctive, hood-like spathe that covers a spiky, upright structure called the spadix. It features two or three large leaves and is typically found in shaded, damp environments. Jack in the Pulpit (Ariseama triphyllum), known as the "Indian turnip," is an unusual spring wildflower with striped, hooded green blooms. This eye-catching plant makes a beautiful and unique addition to shady gardens. Habitat Of Jack in the Pulpit It is a native plant in moist woodlands, oak-hickory forests, and tree-filled swamps in eastern and central North America. This perennial can live 25 years or more and spread and colonize over time. Appearance Of Jack In The Pulpit As individuals grow, they will sprout one or two leaves, each of which splits into three leaflets that spread out from their stalks. The plants can rise to a height of one to three feet. Their characteristic bloom appears on a separate stalk between April and June. Its spathe, or "pulpit," is a green hooded cylindrical structure with a maroon-to-brown striped interior surrounding and concealing its spadix, or "Jack." When you look inside the spathe, you can see tiny greenish-purple flowers at its base. After they bloom, they go dormant or become hermaphroditic. In late summer, usually during August and early September, a cylindrical cluster of bright red berries will form on the pollinated flower stalk. When adding Jack In The Pulpit to your landscape, it helps to plant it in a setting that will mimic its natural habitat, like a woodland garden or boggy area. When conditions are right, it will naturalize and form small colonies. It significantly impacts when planted in clusters and surrounded by ferns, wildflowers, and hostas. When it goes dormant in the summer, you can fill the bare soil surrounding it with annuals like impatiens. Red berries on your plants in late summer may attract birds and small mammals to your garden. Thrushes and wild turkeys will eat the plant's fruits, which have a tomato-like consistency. Jack In The Pulpit Is A Unique Flower  If you want to add a unique flower to your garden that will be a conversation starter, consider planting them. These classic wildflowers will add a touch of mystery to your landscape and delight your eyes for years to come.

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Jacobs Ladder - TN Nursery

Jacobs Ladder

Jacobs Ladder is a perennial wildflower with pinnate leaves and delicate, bell-shaped, blue to purple flowers arranged along its arching stems, adding grace to shady garden settings. It is a charming and distinctive perennial plant that offers many benefits when incorporated into landscaping designs. With its delicate clusters of bell-shaped flowers and elegant fern-like foliage, it brings a touch of enchantment and versatility to outdoor spaces.   Jacobs Ladder is officially known as Polemonium reptans or simply Polemonium. It's part of the Polemoniaceae or Phlox family and is sometimes called the American Greek valerian, stairway to heaven, sweet root, and abscess root. Many of its names reference the arrangement of the flowers, which can look like stairs or a ladder. The name is also a reference to a biblical story in the book of Genesis where one of the characters, Jacob, has a dream about a stairway to heaven. The Polemonium is a herbaceous perennial that is native to North America. Jacobs Ladder Has Stunning Blooms  It is known for its bell-shaped blue or purple-colored flowers. The flowers usually grow to a height of about three-fourths of an inch and have five stamens. The plant tends to grow low to the ground, only reaching heights and widths of about one to two feet. This wildflower is known for its compounding leaves, meaning many leaves grow from one stem. Jacobs Ladder Brightness Up Landscapes  It accompanies trees and shrubs and can brighten up woodland and shade gardens, especially in the spring when its flowers bloom. They also perform well in perennial borders where many other plants are taller than the stairway to heaven. Jacobs Ladder Does Great Near Other Plants It can be planted next to different trees, shrubs, and flowers. Some beneficial companion plants include hostas, lady ferns, lungwort, foam flowers, and coral bells. It also thrives next to spring beauties, Virginia water leaves, and oriental poppies. Jacobs Ladder makes a great addition to flower and pollinator gardens. The bell-shaped flowers typically attract a wide variety of bees, butterflies, and birds, especially hummingbirds. These wildflowers can add color to many different types of outdoor gardens. Apartment and condo gardeners can enjoy planting it in pots or containers for balcony gardening or as an indoor plant to add color and life to their inside spaces.

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