Tupelo Tree (Black Gum)

Tupelo Tree (Black Gum)

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Common Name/ Latin Name- Nyssa sylvatica Hardy Planting Zones- Eastern U.S /native to Kentucky Mature Height- 30 to 50 feet Mature Width- 20 to 30 feet

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Black Gum Tupelo Tree

The Black Gum Tupelo Tree is one of the most beautiful trees during the fall. They have the greatest mix of colors together, such as yellow, orange, purple and bright red. The bark of the Black Gum Tupelo tree is said to look like alligator skin which is unique itself. This tree is very noticeable when it is in bloom. Black Gum Tupelo Tree to be a shade tree as it spreads out its branches for shade. It is a decent sized tree. The leaves of a Black Gum Tupelo Tree are about 3 to 6 inches in length. The leaves are very shiny and dark green in the summer months. There are soil preferences regarding the Black Gum Tupelo Tree. The soil best for this tree is well-drained, moist, fertile, sandy, acidic soil. This tree also has a sun exposure preference. It is said that this tree is best to have a minimum of four hours of sun each day. The Black Gum Tupelo Tree also produces flowers! The color of these flowers is greenish-white. The tree produces small, bluish fruit as well. The fruit from this tree ripens in late September to early October. Many different types of birds and other small animals eat the fruit from the tree. Bees are common at going to this tree for nutrition during the spring. This would be a gorgeous tree in anyone's yard. It would be a magnificent sight to see the different colors of this tree every year! Recognized for its ornamental beauty, the Black Gum tree is ablaze with color during the fall season. Unique six-sided bark with depth is one of its outstanding features. As it matures, the branches droop and add to the overall gracefulness of the tree; it becomes somewhat more flat at the top as it ages. This tree does well in acidic, moist soil that is well-drained. It has a resistance to drought and tolerates conditions that are wet. Pollution harms it, and the tree does not do well in alkaline soil. The beautiful reddish color is enhanced when it is planted in the full sun, but it will also grow in partial shade. It has few insect problems or diseases and is favorite for its stunning color. Colors of the leaves, which are dark and glossy, can range from vivid crimson to pale yellow, orange or darkish purple in the fall. Flowers are very small, not decorative, with its blue-black drupes offering an attraction to songbirds and wildlife, such as wild turkey and ruffed grouse. Native to North America, the Black Gum is part of the Genus Nyssa. Fossils have been found of this tree dating back to other geological periods; these fossils have been found not only in America but Asia and Europe. Originally it grew in swampland and received its name from the mythological water nymph named Nyssa. The other part of the name, sylvatica, comes from the Latin word, "of the woods."

Tupelo Tree


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