When it comes to preserving plants in the winter, there are little options available when it comes to fully restoring plants.
Many gardeners plant directly after the winter passes, but due to volatile weather, a frosty atmosphere may stick around longer than expected. Gardening nowadays is not so easy with colder layovers and long lasting droughts. In each case, gardeners should always have a backup plan if living in an area that is prone to extreme heat or cold. Plants generally do not well in winter with some exceptions, but they reside in a dormant state as a defense mechanism against the cold. In many cases, your plants will be just fine in the winter, but reverting to a dormant state does not always guarantee survival. Your plants will need your help in getting through the frigid air and there are important things you can do when it comes to preserving plants in the winter.
The key is the root when preserving plants in the winter.
Leaves and petals can die off, but as long as the roots are in good condition your plants will grow back during the spring time. Spread a layer of mulch around the surface of the plants where the roots are located. This is will protect the roots by retaining heat and moisture. Do not fertilize during winter; this should only be reserved for warmer climates. Since fertilizer is necessary to improve soil quality, manure and compost are virtually useless when up against a frozen ground and will do harm in preserving plants in the winter since frozen fertilizer will place stress on the plant.
Most plants cannot survive in the winter and the ones that can survive during colder climates will not be able to survive much longer if exposed in the raw elements for long enough. If it is snowing on your garden then it will become very difficult in preserving plants in the winter. Snow naturally freezes the ground, restricting roots and preventing growth while draining precious nutrients your plant needs. It is best to simply bring in as many plants as possible; leaving them in bitterly cold weather will most likely kill off the petals and leaves, but they could come back in the spring. If you are preserving plants in the winter from inside, be sure the plant is getting sunlight whenever necessary if the sun happens to shine through dark clouds. Place your plant by the window sill so it can get as much lighting as possible. Use artificial lighting on plants that need it.
For plants that you cannot bring in, place a dome covering around the flowers you want to protect. You can also prune leaves before the winter season. This will lighten your plants so they will not be bogged down with dead leaves or branches. During the winter months, your plants needs to be trimmed down and slim to conserve energy, but sure not to over-prune. Plants are a treat to grow, but they are fragile and can be damaged easily if exposed to any sudden change of weather. In preserving plants in the winter, it takes some planning and outsmarting the cold, but many of the plants you love will be back before you know it by spring time.