Hair Cap Moss
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- Haircap Moss-Polytrichum commune Hardy Planting Zones- 3-9 Sun or Shade – Partial Sun to Full Shade Mature Height - 2-6" Mature Width- 1-27" Bloom Season – n/a Gardener Status- Beginner
Hair Cap Moss - Polytrichum Commune.
Found in the wild and purposed as ground covering, Hair Cap Moss is very easy to discover. It thrives in partial shade with moist, marginally acidic soil. Like most moss, it is generally a dark green color and doesn't grow tall. It has no woody tissue so it only develops from 4 to 20 cm. It grows like a lavish green carpet with a three to five-year life expectancy.
The Hair Cap Moss should have been named the Cure-All Moss because there is not a garden dilemma that this beautiful plant cannot solve. Out of the 15,000 species of moss, this one is the easiest to grow. This hardy plant is growing on every continent including Antarctica. Hair Cap Mosses can be found growing naturally along forest streams, in bogs and even on coastal plains. It is not a picky plant, but it thrives best in clay or sandy soil. For optimal growth, moist soil conditions are best, but this hardy plant will tolerate slow draining areas and low moisture content. It is easy to see when the plant needs watering because the coloring diminishes slightly and the leaves will curl tightly around the stem. As soon as they receive water though, the leaves spring back open. It is no surprise that the Hair Cap Moss is the most commonly used moss in landscaping; this unusual plant is very diverse. In landscaping, it is commonly used for flower bed borders, ground cover or where a pop of color is needed. They even control erosion on uneven grounds. Hair Cap Mosses are also very low maintenance. They have an average lifespan of three to five years, reproduce quickly and stay green all year round. The average height of this Hair Cap Moss is two to four inches, but this is one of the taller moss species. During the warmer seasons, this plant will sprout spores from the top for reproduction. Although the reproduction spore starts out as a light green, it can turn various shades of yellow, orange and red.