Ferns for Zone 6 like the Royal Fern loses its leaves in the winter
Royal fern, otherwise known by its scientific name, Osmunda regalia, is a type of fern that loses its leaves during the winter months. It grows naturally in boggy areas in some parts of Europe, Asia, and Africa. It can grow up to 63 inches tall and up to 16 inches wide. The royal fern produces both sterile and fertile fronds, with the rich ones being a little shorter when the plant grows.
There are many uses for the plant. The roods are commonly used to help orchids grow while the sporangia were once thought to contain magical powers to defeat demons and understand how the trees communicate. There is a lot of mythology surrounding how these sporangia are collected to thwart off the attacks of these so-called demons. The leaves are used in Korean cooking, and the shoots are eaten and taste similar to asparagus.
Ferns for Zone 6 have different names depending on the part of the world they are found in
The shield fern, also known as wood fern or buckler fern, depending on what part of the in where it is found. Its scientific name is Dryopteris and is most commonly found in the temperate regions of North America, such as the wet, wooded, shady forests of the Pacific Northwest, parts of Europe, and Northern Asia.
The common shield fern grows up to 3 feet tall and 2 feet wide. It loves wet soils but can live in drier soils as well. If you are planting them in your garden, they will continue to look the best if you removed the damaged leaves once a year.
This genus is commonly hybridized and formed into many different species, and most of them have short roots that slowly creep into a crown shape. They are also the most common type that is used as garden greenery. Butterflies often lay their eggs in the leaves to that it can eat and grow.
Ferns For Zone 6 are usually very sturdy plants
Silvery Glade Fern
The bright glade fern is also referred to as the silver spleenwort and has the scientific name of Deparia acrostichoides. This perennial fern is very stout and sturdy with deciduous compound leaves that are up to 3' tall and 1' across the bottom. The silvery glade fern gets its name from the fine silvery hairs that cover the center stalk, or the rachis, of the leaf blade. Also, there are sori (spore-bearing structures) on the leaves that are covered by the indusia, or protective membrane, that also give this fern a silvery appearance. In the summer or early fall, the sori release the spores. This fern prefers light to medium shade and a moist to the moderately moist soil environment. High humidity and protection from wind are also ideal growing conditions for this plant. The silvery glade fern can be found in woodland valleys, wooded areas, and even above streams in woodland ravines.
Ferns For Zone 6
Bracken fern, scientifically known as Pteridium aquilinum; common plant and native in North America, especially many areas in the United States. It's located in the woodlands and gardens of all states but not Nebraska.
They have some uses in the garden, and they become easily started if they are under the right spot. If you want to establish bracken fern in your garden, it is easy as it can out-compete all the other plants in that area. They look attractive and have delicate-looking fronds. The plant reaches 3 - 4 feet high but sometimes grow 7 feet taller. Fronds are found to appear early spring. The foliage develops from underground rhizomes and spread fast, and helps in competing with other plants sharing the same field. If you want to use them in woodland, they will cover it very fast. It may be useful in rock gardens, in edges of the wooded areas, a ferny specimen is required and will not be able to out crowd most ornamental. These woodland plants grow very successfully in bracken fern presence: Sarsaparilla, wild violets, wild asters, and Oak fern.
It performs well in some shade, which is not too much. It is not like many plants as it won't grow in full shade. The optimum condition is moist soil, in areas waterlogged will not perform. If under right condition area, they will require maintenance care; removing them if they are aggressive. They have spreading rhizomes which also multiply from the dropped spores falling from feathery fronds. Growing bracken fern in containers limits their spreading speed. Use a large pot or a buried one, and you will curtail rhizomes from spreading. Ensure you plant them far from livestock growing field; they become poisonous if harvested together to the livestock. When you realize the animal fed bracken fern, contact a veterinarian or poison control agents. Some suggest that it should not be put under cultivation, but you can use it for beautification purpose.
New York Fern - Thelypteris noveboracensis
The New York fern is a perennial fern species localized along the eastern United States as well as portions of Canada. It is most frequently observed in the Appalachians and the Atlantic Northeast where it grows in the form of spreading colonies in forests. It thrives in zones 5-7 in humus-rich, moist soil in deciduous forests with a maximum height reach of two feet. Its yellow-green evergreen leaf structures and form make it a desirable ornamental plant species for attractive foliage groundcover in garden habitats among homeowners and plant enthusiasts. The New York fern, commonly known as the tapering fern, has a beautiful texture with a translucent appearance and a frond that tapers from top to bottom with a maximum width of approximately four inches. This fern is known to be reasonably invasive in specific environments where it displays dense groundcover with rapid, multiplicative growth. This species is a wetland indicator and is commonly observed in riparian areas around swamps or streams with a relatively acidic soil pH, which is the optimal soil condition for New York fern growth. Decorative garden enthusiasts often favor it as it can easily facilitate the covering of empty spaces in the ground that remains unoccupied by other various plant species. It requires a relatively minimal amount of water in comparison with other deciduous plant species and thrives in a partially shaded habitat that still supplies a fair amount of light energy from the sun. Ultimately, the New York fern, or tapering fern, represents a fascinating perennial species with colonial-like growth that allows it to appear voluminous and vibrant in any ecological environment. The tapering quality of the frond is an incredibly attractive addition to any ornamental or environmental display, and the low maintenance requirements of the species make it ideal for busy homeowners who cannot work full-time in their gardens.
Cinnamon Fern - Osmundastrum
The Osmundastrum, or Cinnamon Fern as it's more commonly known as, is called this because of its cinnamon stick like stalks in the middle of the plant, not because it produces cinnamon. The light, cinnamon brown color, and flaky texture remind many of the pure and delicious cinnamon stick. Along with the stalks in the middle, the fern has green leaves that flow out in all directions, producing a rich, full plant, spread at the top and clustered at the bottom. More information on the Cinnamon Fern can be found below:
- The Cinnamon Fern is native to the Americas and Eastern Asia and most easily grows in swamps, bogs or damp woodland.
- The Cinnamon Fern produces separate fertile and sterile fronds (large, divided leaves) spreading as much as 4 feet tall and 8 inches wide. The fertile fronds turn a cinnamon color when carrying spores.
- When planting this fern in your yard, make sure to plant it in a shaded area, as they thrive in deep shade or filtered sunlight. If being kept in the sun, make sure the ground is continuously moist, or the plant will quickly dry out and die.
- Also, when planting, a soil rich in organic matter is best. Work plenty of compost for added moisture and more fertile ground.
- Given the proper conditions, a Cinnamon Fern will grow rather quickly. Keep the ground moist all the time and plant in the shade for best results.
Are you thinking of planting some? Keep in mind the list above, but don't hesitate or be scared away. This plant is excellent as a backdrop for other flowers as well as providing a tall, leafy barrier between gardens or sections of the yard. Though it does not produce cinnamon, this plant's look will give your yard that spice of personality that it needs to flourish.