Red Cedar Tree, also known as the Eastern Red Cedar, Virginian Juniper, and Eastern Juniper, is a common sight around the eastern half of North America. Red Cedar is quite tolerant to heat and salt, and thus thrives in a diverse variety of soil types. Red Cedar Trees are particularly tolerant of various soil types, but prefer dry soils over moist soils. As a result of this hardiness, Red Cedar Trees can be found as windbreaks along farms and even in cities as decorative street trees and hedges. Red Cedar Trees can be expected to grow well in USDA hardiness zones 2-9 and keep their foliage all year long. Red Cedar Trees can withstand temperatures as low as -45 degrees Fahrenheit to temperatures well above 100 degrees Fahrenheit. Red Cedars grow at a moderate rate of 13-24” per year and prefers full sun for maximum growth potential. Red Cedar Trees develop deep roots and are typically pyramidal or cone shaped in maturity. The evergreen foliage is scale-like and develops rounded, four-sided branches. At maximum size, Red Cedar Trees can extend upwards of 80 feet tall and 30 feet wide within a fifty year time scale and some Red Cedar Trees in the wild have lived over 900 years! Red Cedar Trees are dioecious in that their flowers have a specific gender (pollen or seed). The berries are dark-purple or blue and are an extremely important dietary food for wildlife during cold winters. Red Cedar oil is condensed from the berries and used to flavor gin. Red Cedar lumber is a very important and handy commodity as well—the timber is lightweight and rot resistant and ideal for fence posts and any other lumber use that comes in contact with soil. Red Cedar Trees are extremely aromatic, giving off a comforting fragrance from the miniature berries they produce.