Sweet Betsy Trillium
Climate Zone: 4 to 9
Mature Height: 12 to 16 in.
Blooming Season: April through June.
Sunlight: Prefers Full to Partial Shade.
Soil Conditions: Prefers Moist, Well-Drained Soil.
Botanical Name: Trillium undulatum
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Sweet Betsy Trillium is native to the eastern United States and can be found woodlands throughout the area, especially in rivers and creeks. They are they largest variety of sessile trilliums. It is not a true sessile plant since the stem is not underground, but it is labeled as such because there are three leaves without a stem that interrupts them. Trilliums also get the name for the fact that several parts of the plant comes in sets of three -three leaves, three petals, etc. Early in life, in can quickly grow to be a foot tall but as time progresses, the clump that becomes the mature plant can reach to be two feet. It is known by several other names such as birth root, toad trillium, Beth Root, and many others. The sweet fruity aroma given off by this perennial, is why it is known as “Sweet” Betsy. Most blooms are maroon in color although some may have tints of green or yellow to them. Blooms begin to appear in early spring and are mostly gone by midsummer. Unlike most flowers, the petals are upright and don’t lay down flat. They appear to be closed even during the peak of its cycle. Leaves are green and mottled with gray. Little care is needed once the roots are established. Soil should be moist and kept well watered in drought conditions. Soil should also be well drained. Full to partial shade conditions prove most ideal for the best growth. It is tolerable of sandy, loamy and clay soils. Soils rich in limestone have proven to be good options for growing Sweet Betsy Trillium. Little care and maintenance are required. In the proper garden conditions, the trillium can live a long life. Hardy in zones 4 through 8.