Proper care and maintenance is necessary considering the fact that most of the trees can have a life span of 150 to 300 years. They prove be a great investment for many generations.
Some of the key things that can help in the care and maintenance of trees are—
Checking the Trees for Abnormalities- Keeping a regular check on the trees can help in identifying any problem areas. It is advisable to inspect the tree quite often and look for any signs of damage and decay that can potentially harm it. Dieback of the crown, stunted growth, trunk decay and deformed growth are the common signs that indicate that the tree is severely damaged. Pests and insects can be controlled by applying pesticides and other chemicals.
Pruning- Pruning is very crucial to maintain the tree so that it continues to grow vigorously. Pruning can be done to get the desired shape. However, during initial growth years some of the branches and leaves are pruned away so that the tree develops a healthy root system. Diseased, dead or infested branches also should be pruned away so that the infection or disease does not spread to the entire tree. It is important to learn from experience by monitoring the tree’s response to pruning. Heavy pruning is not recommended as it can damage the entire tree. You can seek help from professionals for getting the mature trees pruned as they are tricky.
Mulching- Mulching is very effective in maintain the temperature of soil around the roots. This way the plants and trees are not stressed out with changes in temperature. Mulching also helps in retaining more moisture in the soil for longer time period. It is advisable to apply mulch around the tree making sure that the bark or trunk is not in direct contact with the mulch. Moist mulch can damage the trunk if it is in direct contact for prolonged period. Remove rotten mulch and replace it with a fresh layer to maintain healthy growth conditions for the tree.
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