- Latin Name- The Black Willow Hardy Planting Zone- 3-9 Mature Height- 30-70 ft Width- 7-8 ft Sun or Shade- Full Sun OR Partial Shade
Silky Willow The Black Willow (Salix nigra) is a native tree to North America. The nickname of the Black Willow is swamp willow and is mainly found in the eastern United States and the mid-western states as well. Since this tree needs a constant or well-established source of water it grows best along the Gulf coast, the Atlantic Coast and all along the Mississippi River valley area and can be found all the way to Canada. As previously stated, these trees need a lot of water to maintain healthy growth. They do best in soils heavy with moisture and with a good source of sunlight. These trees have a large and complex root system which often helps steady the land to keep riverbank erosions at a minimum. For this reason, Black Willows is the perfect tree to plant on the ground that is near water and continuously wet. A Black Willow usually will not start producing seeds until about ten years old. These trees grow the most during the springtime, and that is also when they are most likely to bloom and produce seeds. When there is a good source of water and plentiful sunlight these trees will grow fast, and large. The branches to not hang down, but instead grow up and out. When the trees are more abundant, they will provide nice shady spots. Because these trees are native to swampy, wet regions, they can withstand floods and can continue to grow after an area has flooded. They are also able to adapt to changes in soil. Neither individual minerals nor a certain amount of nitrogen is needed to grow these trees. Black Willows are also very resistant when it comes to insect damage. The branches of this tree are easy to bend and are useful to build with because they do not splinter easily. Being so hard to splinter makes these branches perfect for constructing crates and other wooden utensils or knickknacks. Before modern times, branches of trees were also used to make artificial limbs for people. The bark when ingested by way of tea or even by chewing on it provides one with natural pain relief due to the amount of salicin or salicylic acid that it holds. Swamp Willow is the nickname of this tree and is mainly found in the eastern and mid-western states. This tree needs a constant water source, so it grows best along the Gulf Coast, the Atlantic Coast, and along the Mississippi River. It can be found all the way to Canada. They need a lot of water and sunlight. This tree helps keep erosion at a minimum because of its extensive, complex root system. This makes this tree perfect to plant on land that stays wet. The Silky Willow grows the most and blooms and produces seeds in the Spring. The branches grow up and out instead of hanging down. They make excellent shade trees. There are no unique minerals of nitrogen needed to grow these trees.