Grasses For Zone 3
Blue Eyed Grass
Blue-eyed grass is an annual, perennial plant. The name can be confusing to some. However, this type of plant isn't grass at all. Blue-eyed grass is native to North America and is hard to miss when you come across them. The base of the plant looks similar to a thick cut of grass. What makes this plant stand out from the rest is the beautiful periwinkle flowers that sprout at the top.
This type of plants flowers attracts bumble bees and birds which makes the ideal for any garden. On average this plant can be as small as 4 inches tall, but under the right conditions and with proper care can reach 16 inches easily. The width of the patch of Blue-Eyed Grass is about the same as the height.
Hardy growing seasons for Blue-Eyed Grass is USDA zones is 4 to 9. Like any plant, where you plant it has a lot to do with how they grow. Blue Eyed Grass responds best to an area that provides an average amount of sunlight. Usually, it is best to put them in an area with low sunlight. Blue Eyed Grass requires at least average soil or slightly wetter. The recommended watering for this plant is weekly.
Indian Grass, also known as Sorghastrum nutans, is a warm-season perennial. Usually found in the eastern and central United States and Canada, this plant is native to every county in Illinois. It is called a prairie grass, or sometimes a bunch grass due to it growing in clumps.
Also commonly known as Yellow Indian Grass, it tends to like full to partial sun with moist to dry-mesic conditions, although several types of soil are well tolerated. These include gravel, sand, clay, and loam. They can grow three to eight feet tall and have a leaf of about two feet long.
In June they are brilliant green with blooming beginning in late summer to early fall and lasting for around two weeks. It is also the state grass of both South Carolina and Oklahoma.
The flowers cross-pollinate by the wind. It produces spikelets that are golden brown during blooming season and with each containing a perfect showy floret that includes three yellow stamens and two feathery stigmas. They put on a beautiful show with their brilliant yellow color. Small tufts of hair appear on the branches. When full maturity is reached, the seeds drop to the ground. The seeds alone weigh in at around 175,000 seeds per pound.