By Tammy Sons
When And How To Trim Your Roses
Who does not love Roses? It is safe to say that majority of gardeners like them because they are one of the most delicate plants. Their beauty and elegance are unmatched, which is why they have been mentioned in stories, prose, and poetry throughout history. Roses have been cultivated for ornamental purposes for a very long time. Their sweet fragrance soothes the senses and relaxes the mind. Apart from their decorative use, rose water and rose petals have many other uses. They are used to make perfumes, essential oils, aromatic soaps, etc. Rose water and petals are edible and are used in many cuisines for flavoring and garnishing.
Roses are cultivated widely in home gardens, and there are several varieties available in the market to choose from. Each one of them has its charm and elegance. For best results, rose bushes should regularly be pruned. However, many gardeners are reluctant to prune them due to the fear of causing damage to the plants. If you know the right time and technique to prune, then it will be beneficial for the plants.
A question that we ask quite often, Why prune them? For healthy growth and beautiful blooms, roses require pruning and deadheading. In fact, pruning rose bushes is a crucial maintenance task that improves their performance. Pruning results in more abundant and better blooms. This practice also encourages new growth and improves air circulation. Through pruning, you can get rid of dead and decayed stems or branches that are not good for the plant. Occasional pruning improves the shape of the plant and makes it look tidy.
How To Prune?
Rose bushes are pruned pretty much like any other shrub or bush. It is important to use very sharp tools so that the cuts are clean. Shears, loppers and hand pruners are some essential pruning tools that can be used. Start pruning from the base of the plant and proceed upwards. Try to thin it out in the middle, as this is where the plant is most crowded, to allow proper air circulation. Remove any dead or diseased branches so that they do not spread any disease or infection to the other parts. Remove suckers that are present below the graft. For established plants, moderate pruning is sufficient to invigorate them. While removing dead or diseased canes make sure to make a cut closer to the base to obliterate it.
When To Prune?
Varieties that bloom once a year should not be pruned before spring as it would hamper new growth. Such varieties should be pruned in the summer season when the flowering period is over. On the other hand, repeat- flowering plants should be pruned in winter or early spring season. Early spring pruning in repeat bloomers will encourage new growth. Do not cut back or trim tiny plants and wait until they are mature. However, slight corrective pruning is fine. Time and experience will make you more confident, and you will master the art of pruning roses gradually.
These are some of the maintenance tips to manage your beautiful roses and ensure that they keep flourishing. Healthy and well-maintained plants will add to the overall beauty and accentuate the landscape. Try growing some rose varieties in your garden; you will not be disappointed.