Bamboo plants are a type of evergreen perennial plant. The word bamboo is from an Indian word Bambu. Over time the word was eventually introduced to English speaking nations where it became the word bamboo.
Bamboo plants are of great economic value in Asian countries where the plants are often used as building materials. According to studies, bamboo can withstand more pressure than wood or brick. Even today, bamboo scaffolding is used in countries like China and Hong Kong.
In ancient China, bamboo fibers were used to make paper. The bamboo pulp is still used to make paper today in countries such as China, Thailand, and India.
Bamboo is also used in Asia as a food source and a raw material to make other products. Several types of pandas, lemurs, gorillas, chimps, and elephants will also eat bamboo shoots. The Chinese use bamboo in several medicines; the plant is used to treat the infection. In India, bamboo is used to address fertility problems and menstrual issues.
The plants are found in a variety of climates including those that are somewhat cold to hot areas. Bamboo can be found in Asia, North Australia, India and parts of China and Africa. Bamboo can also be found in parts of the southern United States as well as in large part of South America. Bamboo does not grow naturally in Europe.
Some types of bamboo can grow extremely fast. Certain plant species can grow up to three feet in a day! Bamboo plants can grow to be almost 10 feet tall; plant diameter can be nearly 10 inches around. However, the overall rate of growth experienced by a plant depends on a variety of factors. These include temperature, soil health, and the type of plant.
Most varieties of bamboo will die if temperatures dip too much. There are some varieties that can survive in cold temperatures as low as 20 degrees below zero. At that temperature, the plant parts above the ground will be killed. The rhizomes below the earth will survive and send up new bamboo shoots the following spring. In some areas, very hardy varieties of bamboo may remain healthy all year long.