Fig Fruiting Trees are one of the first plants to be cultivated, fig trees have been enjoyed throughout the ages. The common fig tree is small, growing 10-30 feet in height. Its large, dark green, fragrant, lobed leaves give it a tropical look. It is a deciduous plant and does not require pollination to produce fruit. A hardy tree, it can thrive in poor soil, and because of its strong root system, can tolerate occasional drought. Planting the fig tree in late spring will allow it to develop a deep root system before winter. Fig trees are easy to grow in areas where long, hot summers are the norm, providing shade and shelter for various animals. They produce fruit reliably in Zones 8 and above. Otherwise, they can be brought indoors to overwinter, or they can be grown as container plants in a greenhouse. Fig trees don't require much pruning and propagation takes little effort. The fig tree has few pest problems, but these are not difficult to control.
When fully ripened, the fruit is 1-2 inches long, brown or purplish in color. Figs have a unique, lusciously sweet taste, and they are known to provide many nutritional benefits. For example, figs are a rich source of vitamins and minerals. They contain potassium, which helps control blood pressure, and calcium for stronger bones. In addition, they are a great source of fiber which may help with digestion and even weight loss. Many people eat fig leaves for their anti-diabetic properties which include lowering the amount of insulin required by the body. Fig leaves are also used in many home remedies. Figs may be eaten dried, cooked, or raw. Leaves may be chewed or eaten, and can also be made into tea.
If you are interested in home fruit production, figs are a great choice for getting started. They are productive, hardy, and wonderfully rewarding, as well as beautiful.