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Ferns for Zone 9 include many different ferns
Ferns For Zone 9
Ferns are beautiful plants that come in many different varieties. Ferns have been on the planet for millions of years as recorded in fossil form. Many of these varieties are native to a specific geographical location due to conditions in that area. For aesthetic purposes, native ferns are great additions to a garden or existing landscape as well as an excellent choice for the centerpiece of the new outdoor design. There are many types of native ferns, and it is good to know a little about a few of them before you go shopping for your perfect greenery.
Ferns for Zone 9 are Christmas Ferns and New York Ferns
Christmas ferns are native to Missouri and grow naturally on moist as well as dry sloping areas in the region. They are great for landscaping purposes because they protect it during winter months. They are named Christmas ferns because of their growth, which occurs in clumps and resembles an evergreen Or Christmas trees. They grow well in medium moisture and either partial or full shade.
New York Ferns
This fern is native to the eastern part of the United States and Canada. These medium-sized ferns are lovely when paired with wildflowers in landscaping design. New York ferns are dark brown and are a pleasant addition to any botanical garden or yard.
Ferns for Zone 9 are Lady Ferns and Ostrich Ferns
Lady ferns are also familiar shape fern varieties. They are called lady ferns because of their delicate bladed appearance. These ferns are one of the most comfortable types to grow, and even a novice gardener can be successful.
The ostrich fern is also native to the Eastern United States. These beautiful ostrich ferns are so pretty in a shady garden because of their showiness and colorful shape. They grow much like other ferns, in a warm moist environment and can be grown both indoors or outdoors.
Ferns For Zone 9
The Fragile Fern - Cystopteris fragilis
The fragile fern is a well adaptable, sustainable plant that can be grown in many locations despite the indication of the name of having a delicate nature. The plant is small with an attractive appearance, hence the name as the fragile fern. It can be found in particular along woodland edges, rocky hillsides and overhanging in specific spots across the lands. As far as home growing is concerned, it's a surprisingly hearty plant that does well in a variety of soil types as well as sunlight is concerned with a preference towards full or at least partial sun exposure. This plant is considered easy to grow as well as maintain. The fern does have spores, and such are found on the underside of the leaflets. It has a growth cycle that starts in spring and can peak within the season but also reach out into summer and while hearty often does well in a damp climate.
Aside from the delicate, drawn-out leafy appearance, this particular fern is noticeable in part because unlike many other types; it grows on soils instead of just rocky surfaces. A few variations exist including the fragile southern fern. The plant also goes by a few different names. Aside from fragile fern, it can be found across the lands and for purchase under the genus as well as brittle bladder fern and brittle fern. When shipped, this particular plant is usually shipped bare root. Also noteworthy in appearance is the feature of the fronds, which have stripes(central stems) that are as brittle as the leaves, taking in part in the creation of the common name associated with the fern. While easy to grow, the plant is named fragile for a reason, which makes breakage a common factor as it's more than just a cute name. This is one fern to handle with care.
Plant Name: Golden fern
Latin name: Phlebodium aureum
Hardy planting zone: 8 to 11
Mature height: 2 feet
Spread: 2 feet
Bloom season: Non-flowering
Sun: Part sun to full shade
The golden fern is an epiphyte, which means it grows best on trees. It is often found on the cabbage palm in Florida. It prefers soil that is moist but not wet, and some gardening experts claim that the plant should not be placed in the ground at all. The best option might be a planting medium that’s more appropriate for orchids. Some people put their fern in wood.
The plant propagates through creeping rhizomes. It is the rhizome, not the leaves, that give the fern its name, for it is covered in golden scales. The leaves of the fern are compound and are bright green to gray-green with attractive, wavy edges. The sori, which are tiny reproductive bodies, can be found on both sides of the leaves along the ribs. The fronds are about 1 foot to 4 feet long, and 4 to 19 inches wide and have as many as 35 compound leaves.
The golden fern is evergreen in its native habitat, which includes the Caribbean and the warmer and more humid parts of the southeastern United States. It is semi-evergreen in places where there is a dry season. It is tender to frost and doesn’t tolerate salt well.
If the golden fern is to be grown as a houseplant, it should not be exposed to direct sunlight. It should be misted regularly or placed in an area with high humidity. A bathroom with northern exposure is ideal. It does well at average room temperature. It doesn’t need to be repotted often but should be repotted in spring if it seems to be outgrowing its container. Add more planting medium if the leaves are starting to turn yellow.
When watering the golden fern, it is best to add water around the sides of the pot, since the plant doesn’t as water poured directly onto its rhizome.
The Rattlesnake Fern-Botrypus virginianus
The Rattlesnake Fern is a part of the adders-tongue family and is named for the fact that rattlesnakes commonly use it as a habitat. It is also known as the Virginia Grape Fern. It, like many deciduous perennial ferns, grows in damp shady areas, such as moist, dense forests. It grows in many regions of the United States, Australia, Norway, the Mexican Mountains, the Himalayan Mountains in Asia, Finland’s Karelia region and the Gulf of Bothnia as well as Europe and Russia.
Each stem is round and bi-colored being light tan at the base and green near the three fronds and a flowering stalk. The leaves are green and usually soft to the touch. Each leaf has a spread of from 5 to 19 inches wide. The rattlesnake grows close to the ground, generally moving parallel to the ground. It may reach heights of up to 18 inches tall with a spread of 24 inches. It reproduces through the alternation of generations.
The Rattlesnake Fern is rarely cultivated because root division is usually unsuccessful, as is transplanting. The plant doesn’t seed, and the flowers are sterile. However, it does thrive in nature in undisturbed wooded areas, dry-mesic forested slopes and woodlands and in upland savannas. It is often found in moist well-drained woods predominated in the vicinity of oak and hickory trees. They thrive in partial sun to light shade in fertile loamy soils, in dry to dry-mesic settings. The plant loves to be surrounded by decaying matter.
In the U.S. it grows primarily in these zones: 4a-9b. A deciduous perennial it is used for foliage only. Successful propagation occurs by using spores that must be sown in light soil depths and not allowed to dry out. Keep the pot in a plastic bag and keep the air moist to promote germination. Grow indoors in the winter and plant outside in the spring.
Marsh Fern - Thelypteris Palustris
Delicate and lacy, the Marsh Fern, is a medium-sized fern, with light green, compound leaves, with tiny leaflets that provide the familiar look of the fern. This fern’s foliage is the perfect addition to the landscaping of a pond or water feature. The Marsh Fern, unlike other ferns, prefers to have some sunlight and can survive in full sun situations if it is provided with suitably moist soil. This deciduous perennial is hardy from USDA Zones three to eight and provides a lush, green, texture to the landscape year after year. The fern reaches heights of 18 to 24 inches, and while they prefer sandy, slightly acidic soil, this fern can be grown anywhere there is sufficient irrigation and is well-suited as a landscaping plant in areas that collect water. This sturdy midsized fern is disease resistant and unattractive to the most standard garden pests, and while it doesn’t necessarily require additional fertilization, the Marsh Fern will appreciate some all-purpose plant food if the soil is poor. The plant is also the only known host plant for the Marsh Fern Moth, the Fagitana litter. The Marsh Fern requires minimal care to look its best, needing only to have the depleted foliage trimmed away as it fades and after the leaves have fallen in the fall. While the plant is incredibly hardy, it is recommended to mulch the fern if there is going to be a sustained freeze. The Marsh Fern is native to North America and Eurasia, so it will easily blend with other native plants and is easily assimilated into any damp spot in the garden. With only the healthiest and most beautiful ferns available, they are packaged carefully and will arrive in perfect shape for planting and can be a stellar addition to the garden.
Walking Fern – Asplenium rhizophyllum
Walking fern is so named due to how it grows new plants. The leaves can grow from two to twelve inches long and taper to the point that curls. The fronds are somewhat heart-shaped at the base and taper to a slender end that contains a bud. Structures that produce dark brown spores on the underside of the leaf cause new plants to sprout when the end touches the ground. This is what creates the “walking effect.” The spores may appear to be scattered on the bottom of the leaves, but they are along the veins.
The leaves are smooth and green except at the base where they are a dark reddish-brown and scaly. They do not look like a typical fern frond. They grow in clumps because of the walking effect, and they do not produce flowers. Walking fern can tolerate wet soil on an occasional basis. They prefer shady and humid areas where they are protected from the wind. They are relatively hardy and can tolerate a variety of soil types. They grow well in the eastern part of the US and as far west as Oklahoma and Kansas. It is not unusual for the ferns to be hidden under the snow in the winter waiting for the melt in the spring.
Walking fern is a beautiful plant for wooded rock gardens. They prefer to be near streams and grow on moss-covered rocks and overhangs. They will also grow on sandstone and sometimes on tree trunks. They are often planted for ground cover and because the leaves are evergreen they can be enjoyed all year. Fern enthusiasts will find the walking fern is a beautiful addition to a natural garden with plenty of moss and preferably a tree large enough for shade and protection from the wind.