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Edible

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Edible berry and fruit plants are often a lovely accent to a garden

Blueberry – Cyanococcus

Blueberry plants make great edible landscape companions. Low blueberries reach a standing height of 10 centimeters. High blueberries can reach a standing height of 13 feet. These bell-shaped perennials pair well with other decorative or edible plant grown in zones five through eight. Well-draining, acidic soil with a pH of four to five is best. If planting for harvest, then direct sunlight will produce a higher yield of berries. It may take three to four years for the initial crop.

Paw Trees – Asimina Triloba

Considered both a small tree or large shrub, Paw Paw Trees are best grown in zones five through nine. Paw Paw is the most abundant fruit native to the United States. The resistant shrub is not a fan of deer or bees. The delicious fruit requires cross-pollination from a separate Paw Paw Tree to produce yield which can take four to eight years. Growth can reach from 15 to 45 feet at maturity. Soil that is fertilized twice a year, moist and deep will determine the outcome. Naturally growing shrubs usually grow in the shade of taller trees, but direct sunlight will yield more fruit.

Edible berry and fruit plants make great cobblers and pies

Wild Blackberry – Rubus

A relative of the raspberry, these full sun-loving shrubs can reach a height of six to eight feet. Well-draining soil in zones five to ten can yield Wild Blackberry shrubs for 15 years. They can suffer from root rot and are susceptible to bacteria and fungal diseases. It is best to cultivate them at a distance from other plants when landscaping. This low maintenance edible plant knows how to defend itself as most varieties have thorns. Shrubs should be pruned twice per year to remove any damaged or diseased primocanes. The remaining primocanes can be secured to a stake for support against high wind.

Edible plants are often grown in greenhouses

Huckleberry – Vaccinium

Huckleberry plants are short shrubs that can grow to 36 inches tall at maturity, in zones seven through nine. Huckleberry shrubs grow best in acidic, well-draining soil between a pH of four and a half to six. They are best cultivated indoors to prevent damage from frost, before transplanting outside. Full sun is the desired condition with regular weeding. This edible plant is susceptible to root disturbances, especially that of the Potato Beetle. Pollination is by insect and fruit is yielded in the summer months before the first frost.