The lobelia cardinals are a perennial plant species native to the Americas in southeastern parts of Canada and the southwestern and eastern parts of the United States, Central America, Mexico, and the northern part of Colombia. Due to their red coloring, the name alludes to the robes worn by Roman Catholic cardinals which are bright red. The corolla lobelia is either all yellow or red with yellow lobes. This lobelia is a perennial herbaceous plant that can grow up to 4 ft tall and is typically located in wet areas such as swamps and steam banks. Their leaves are up to 8 inches in length and 2 inches wide and have a toothed margin with terminal spikes.
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The lower portion of the stems showcases lance-shaped leaves. Usually, the flowers are a vibrant shade of red and five-lobed. The red lobelia is from the bellflower family. Although the red lobelia is relatively common, they have become sparse in some locations due to overpacking. Most insects see that the long tubular flowers are a bit difficult to navigate, and so the cardinal flower depends on being pollinated by hummingbirds who feed on the nectar.