Bare Root Planting Guide

Bare-root Planting Guide

A Complete Planting Guide For All Plants Purchased From TN Nursery

Plant Types

Planting Bare Root Fern Plants

Fern plants not only look well growing along the side of a bank near a creek or pond but also look great in hanging baskets, around house foundations to hide block or planters as well. When it comes to ferns, many people love them but aren't quite sure how to plant them. If you follow these few simple steps you should be able to have gorgeous looking ferns in no time.

Here are some simple instructions on planting and caring for the fern.

  1. Location - The first thing to do is to determine where in your flower bed/garden the fern is going to be placed. This is important in what plant is going too placed where so that they will grow well there.

  2. What Kind - After determining the place where your plants are going to be you must find what kind of fern you want? The fern must be able to thrive in the soil and light condition of that spot. So you must take notes of the areas sunlight and things of that nature. Also check the soils ph level which can be done with some simple test strips found at your local garden center. Also check on how the watering of that area is, since some ferns require vast amounts of water.

  3. Purchase your plant

  4. When you pick up the plant be sure to check it for insects, dead spots and other signs of a deteriorating plant.

  5. Now that you have gotten your plant you must select the exact spot that the plant will be placed. Dig a hole twice the size of the roots and add fertilizer if needed. Then place the plant (tear some of the roots so that they spread out) in the hole and fill in the sides. Water the plant immediately afterwards. Also be sure to water it on a regular schedule or however much it needs.

  6. Now you can sit back and enjoy your plants growth and look.

By following these few simple steps you can enjoy the look of a vast, hardy and dense fern in no time!

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Planting a Bare Root Tree

Do you know how to plant a bare root tree? Or do you even know what a bare root tree is? Any bare root plants are plants that have been grown in the ground and dug up to be shipped to you. These plants are usually shipped in burlap bags around their roots. Here are some simple instructions on planting and caring for bare root trees.

  1. Location - Determine where your flower bed /garden are going to be. This is needed before you can select what tree you're going to get. Always remember to not plant any trees around or near walkways, driveways or pipes such as the septic line.

  2. What kind of tree you want - Determine what plants can grow there and thrive. (this means taking in water consumption, sunlight, ph levels) Once you've determined which will live in your selected spot, determine what you want in that spot. Trees such as great white Oaks need large amount of room, while small dwarf apple trees need only small amounts of room.

  3. Shop - Once you have determined what you're getting, do you're shopping and get your tree.

  4. Inspect your tree - Once you get your plant it should be checked for breaks, insects, dead limbs and other signs of plant deterioration.

  5. Dig - Now that you've got your plant you should go to the spot determined for your plant go and dig a whole twice the size of the root ball. This can be done easily with post hole diggers or a shovel. The plant should have fertilizer added to it and the hole filled in. The plant should be immediately watered. Add mulch or pine needles around the trunk so that the water can stay in.

  6. Stabilize the tree - Many small trees or saplings may have to be staked up so that they won't fall over and the trunks will grow upright.

  7. Sit back and relax, and watch your plant grow (it will take awhile of course)

Planting a tree can be rewarding as well as add value to your home. Please do not call our office wanting landscaping ideas or what trees to choose. We are a wholesale business and not in the landscaping industry. Do all your necessary homework and then call us to place orders or check availability. Phone lines are for orders and order related availability questions only.

To ask about shipping, please email and we usually answer all emails within the hour.

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Planting Bare Root Shrubs

Do you know how to plant a bare root shrub? Do you even know what a bare root shrub is? A bare root shrub is a plant that has been dug out of the ground just before being shipped, instead of being grown in a flower pot. The plant generally comes with a burlap sack around the root ball. But how do you plant them? Here are some simple instructions.

  1. Location - Determine your planting area. This includes where the plant is going to be and the plants surrounding area. You should also take not of any electrical wires, sewage lines, or gas pipes that may be under your selected area. Also determine the amount of water, sun ,and space the plant will have or get.

  2. Determine the right plant - Next you should find what shrub that you will put in the area. This means you must find what will grow and thrive in that specific area, and then choose what you want from your list of plants that will live in that spot. The things that should be taken in to consideration when picking a plant includes the shrubs maximum size, soil ph levels, fertilizer, sunlight, and water consumption.

  3. Go shopping- Look around at different sellers of the plant to see who has the cheapest. Then get the cheapest.

  4. Check over your plant- Once you get your plant check it over. Things that you should look for include insects, cracks or breaks, dead leaves, and serious yellowing of the leaves. These may indicate that the plant may be dying or at risk of dying.

  5. Planting-To plant your shrub dig a hole that is twice the size of the root ball. Insert plant and fertilizer. Then fill the area around the plant with dirt. Next your plant should be watered.

  6. Sit back, relax, and watch your plant grow. (you still have to care for it though)

This can be very rewarding with just a little hard work.

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Planting Bare Root Perennial Plants

Are you interested in planting some bare root perennial plants? Do you even know what a bare root perennial plant is? A bare root perennial is a perennial plant that has been grown is the ground and not a pot and is dug up the day of shipment. Usually their roots are placed in a burlap bag that keeps them fairly moist for transport. But do you know how to plant them? Here are some simple instructions on planting them.Spacing needs to be 12" to 4 feet

  1. Selecting the area- Determine where your flower bed, hedge, small natural area is going to be is the first Question. Once this has been determined you should note where you want plants and those areas qualities. Some of the quality's that should be noted are sunlight, water levels, ph levels, and type of soil there.

  2. Slecting a Plant- Next you should do some research on what plants can live and thrive in those conditions. Then from that list of plants a plant can be selected that you like the most.

  3. Shopping-The third thing to do is to shop around for the most cheap plant you can find. If you don you may be getting ripped off, so spend some time shopping around. Once you find the cheapest buy it.

  4. Checking the Plant- As soon as you get your plant, check over it. The plant may have signs that it is unhealthy. Signs that include insect infestation, dead limbs, large amounts of yellowing leaves, and breaks in the plant.

  5. Planting- In order to plant your new perennial you must first dig a hole twice the size of the plants root ball. Insert the plant and fertilizer (it should have fertilizer added) and fill in. Immediately water the plant.

  6. Watch your plant grow and thrive in its new home. (Don't forget to water regularly)

By following these few simple steps you can have great perennials to enjoy year after year in no time.

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Planting Bare Root Ground Covers/Vines

Does your yard or flowerbed need some ground cover? Or are you planning new flower bed that will make use of ground cover's ability to spread? Either way, have you considered using a bare root ground cover? A bare root ground cover is a ground cover plant is a plant that was grown in a field instead of in a flower bed. These plants are dug up right before they are sent to your house. The roots are generally wrapped on a burlap sack to help retain moisture. Do you know how to plant these kinds of plants? Here are some usable instructions.

  1. First you must determine were your plant or new flowerbed is going. This means to also take in the fact that there may be underground wires or pipes in the area. You should also take in the areas qualities which include sunlight amounts (shade, full, partial), water amounts, soil ph levels, and the kind of soil that is there.

  2. Picking a ground cover-Then take the qualities that you have organized for the area of your plant, and use them to narrow down what plants will live in that kind of zone. Once you know what plants will live there you can pick which one you like the most.

  3. Shopping-Wait! Don't just go buying the first plant you see! Go shopping around; look for who has the cheapest prices on your selected plant.

  4. Getting your plant- Once you've got your plant check it over for dead spots. The list of things that mean a damaged plant include insect infestation, dead parts, severely yellowing leaves, and other serious signs. If any of these are present, contact your dealer.

  5. Planting your plant- In order to plant your new ground cover you must dig a hole twice the size of the plants root ball. Then insert the plant into the hole add fertilizer and fill in. immediately water the plant.

  6. Sit back and marvel as your plant thrives in its new home.

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Planting Bare Root Wetland Plants

Do you know how to plant a bare root wetland plant? A wetland plant is a plant that is either grown in the water or around the edge of the water (swamps are included. A "bare root" plant is a plant that has been grown in a field or in this case a pond or such and dug out of it the day of shipment. These plants are a little bit more difficult to plant but can be done. Here are some simple instructions.

  1. First you must determine where your pond, wetland area, or individual plant is going to be placed. The area that you determine should be surveyed for certain qualities. Such as water levels, (if it is just a wetland) soil moisture, sunlight, ph levels, and other contributing factors.

  2. Selecting your plant- The next thing to do is to select what plants can grow in that specific area. From that list of plants you should pick a plant to buy.

  3. Go Shopping! - Make sure that you don't just go and buy the first plant you see. There are (more than likely) hundreds of stores that sell the plant. Look around until you find a good deal (check out TN Nursery for some good deals). Then buy it.

  4. Plant health-When getting your plant you should fully inspect the plant for damage. The list of damage includes insect infestations, breaks or tears in the plant, massive amounts of yellowing, and other serious damage signs.

  5. Planting-For the plants that are wetland plants dig a hole twice the size of the plants root ball. The plant should be placed in the hole with fertilizer and then filled in, water immediately afterwards. For pond plants a simple burying of the root into the mud will be sufficient.

  6. Sit back and relax, and watch your plants grow. (That is if you maintain them)

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Planting Live Stakes

Live Stakes, like all plants, need soil, water, and sunlight. The best species to use for live stakes are willows and red osier dogwood, because they are easy to grow and have excellent root strength. Black cottonwood can also be used, but cuttings from this species do not grow as consistently well. Live stakes should be planted in areas that will remain moist throughout the growing season, such as along the water line on streambanks or in wetlands. Follow the instructions below to make and plant your own live stakes.

  1. Cut stakes from long, upright branches taken off the parent plant. Typically, lives stakes should be between 18 and 24 inches long and at least three-eighths of an inch in diameter. Follow the guidelines suggested in the ethics of plant collection (below).

  2. Make a straight cut at the narrow end of the stake (toward the tip of the branch). At the thicker end (toward the trunk) cut the branch at an angle, so that it makes a point. This way you will know which end is up and it will also be easier to drive the stakes into the ground. It is important to plant live stakes with the correct end in the ground; otherwise they will die.

  3. Remove the leaves and small branches from the stakes as soon as possible after cutting them, to keep the stakes from drying out.

  4. Dip the top (blunt cut, narrow end) 2-3 inches of the stakes in latex paint immediately after they are cut. The paint not only marks which end is up, it also seals the exposed cut end and helps prevent drying and cracking. You can also use different colors of paint to color code different species of cuttings, planting times, and other treatments. The paint will also make the stakes visible once they are planted so people won't trip over them.

  5. Plant your stakes within 24 hours for best results. In the meantime, keep them moist and wet in buckets or wet burlap sacks. On hot days, keep them in the shade until you plant them.

  6. Soak or dip the bottom ends of cuttings in a solution of plant rooting hormone before planting to speed up growth (you don't need to use rooting hormone for most willows or red osier dogwood. These species have incipient root buds ready to go and will root immediately.)

  7. Drive the stakes into the streambank or wetland soil at least one foot deep (the deeper the better). Leave three to six inches above ground surface so they can sprout leaves. At first, the stakes will survive by rooting, but eventually leaves will sprout from the exposed end of the stakes.

  8. Drive stakes into the ground with a rubber mallet to avoid damaging them. Use a planting bar or length of rebar to start the hole in hard soils.

  9. Use long stakes at least one-half inch in diameter when planting in riprap (rocks). The longer, thicker stakes will survive heating and drying better than smaller diameter cuttings.

  10. Use longer stakes and leave one-foot sticking above the ground if the stake will be shaded by surrounding vegetation. If a willow stake gets too much shade, it will drop its new leaves and die. If the area you are planting will be heavily shaded, use a more shade-tolerant riparian species such as salmonberry. Bear in mind, however, that salmonberry stems dry out more easily.

  11. Keep the whips! (The slender twigs snipped off during stake cutting.) Whips will grow nicely if they are planted in very moist areas at the edges of streams and wetlands. Push them into the ground as far as they will go without breaking.

The best time to plant live stakes is during the dormant season. In western Washington, this is roughly from the begining of November through the end of February, although live stakes planted in October and March will flourish almost as well. Live stakes can also be planted during the growing season, especially at sites that will remain moist, although survival rates will be lower. Plant live stakes whenever you can; any that die can easily be replaced during the dormant season.

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Planting Mosses                


  1. Prepare the area by removing weeds and slightly up turn the soil. With a pitchfork, upturn and weed the area you want to plant. ... Simply scratching the soil is enough to place the pads and they will attach roots to the loosened moist soil.
  2. Get some PH strips and test your soil. Moss thrives in a medium ph of near 7-7.5. Additives are available online to adjust if necessary and this needs done prior to planting.
  3. Saturate or wet the planting area after you have upturned the soil slightly so the moss will attach to the soil easily and moss also loves moisture so pre watering is necessary.
  4. After you have weeded and worked your soil by loosening it up slightly with a pitchfork or other tools, lay the moss pads in the manner in which you want to plant them.
  5. Keep the moss very moist. Moss thrives in moisture but not heavy saturation. Keep moss misted a couple times a day for the fist few days then once a week until the root system attaches to the soil.
  6. Never lay mosses in full sunlight. The natural habitat for moss is in shaded moisture laden areas. Some mosses can withstand some sunlight but it thrives best in it's natural habitat of wet areas and shade.


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