The American elm tree (ulmus americana is a tall, beautiful and stately tree that was grown for its shade and its timber. Before so many of them were felled by Dutch elm disease, the tree was notorious for its hardiness. It can live for over 200 years. It prefers fairly rich, well-drained, somewhat moist soil. It also grows quickly and can grow about two feet per year. The American elm is also known as the white elm.
Planters love the elm for its habit, which is in the shape of a tall, elegant vase. Elms planted on opposite sides of a street in residential neighborhoods often form a sort of green tunnel over the street as they mature. People treasure this for its beauty and its shade. Because it tolerates stressors like pollution so well, the elm is a popular tree to plant in cities.
The American elm produces small, greenish flowers in the spring, before the leaves grow. The flowers have both male and female parts and so the tree self-pollinates. The fruit is encased in small wings and helicopter down to the ground when the tree leafs out. The fruit and its wings is called a samara. Because of its wings, it can be transported for long distances. The leaves of the elm are oval, three to six inches long and grow close together. They have pointed tips and toothed margins. The leaves turn yellow and fall in the autumn.
The wood of the American elm is tough and light brown. It doesn't split easily and the wood is used for barrels, wagon wheels and farm implements. The bark has a strong fiber that was used for rope making by Native Americans.
The elm tree is a favorite nesting tree of orioles. When the leaves have fallen it’s easy to see their nests swinging from the branches.
American Elm Tree
American Elm Tree
- Ulmus Americana Hardy Planting Zones- 3 to 9 Mature Height- 60 to 90 Feet Mature Width- 1/3 to 2/3 of Tree Height Bloom Season- February, March, and April Sun or Shade- Sun or Partial Shade
Ships In Fall (Near End of October)